CURRICULUM

We are proud of our strong record of academic excellence and continued commitment to best practice approaches to teaching young learners. Our academic day begins at 8:00 a.m. and ends at 3:30 p.m.

 

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In Early Childhood, students are introduced to the fundamentals of learning which are building blocks for a more focused foundation of literacy skills, emerging mathematics, and hands-on science.

In Kindergarten, students work on mastering literacy skills, and are introduced to Singapore Math concepts. They also receive instruction with specialty teachers in art, music, and physical education, and French or Spanish.

Reading and writing skill development and mathematical skill development are at the core of the educational experience for students in Grades 1-4. Specialty instruction in physical education, art, music, French or Spanish continue through these grades.

In Middle School (Grades 5-8) classes are divided into two sections for all academic and specialty classes. In addition to their core academic classes, Middle School students receive instruction in art, music, speech & drama, physical education, science, and Spanish, French or Latin.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

Preschool

Language Arts

Listening

  • The student will develop listening skills.
  • The student learn to listen for details.
  • The student will listen to and recognize rhythms in speech.
  • The student will listen to and follow 2-3 step directions.
  • The student will understand spatial words.

Speaking

  • The student will speak in complete sentences.
  • The student will develop and enhance a personal vocabulary.
  • The student will begin to verbalize emotions.
  • The student will recognize and use descriptive words to identify objects, events and relationships.
  • The student will express thoughts and feelings, wants and needs. 
  • The student will dictate his/her own personal story.

Letter Skills

  • The student will recognize his/her name in print.
  • The student will recognize letters in his/her name.
  • The student will recognize, identify and select most uppercase letters.
  • The student will recognize, identify and select some lowercase letters.
  • The student will recognize that letters have sounds. 
  • The student will recognize and verbalize some beginning sounds. 
  • The student will understand that letters and sounds make words.

Literature

  • The student will develop an appreciation of literature. 
  • The student will learn to care for books. 
  • The student will orient him/herself as to how to hold a book, turn the pages and recognize the front and back of a book.

Concepts of print

  • The student will begin reading print from left to right, left page then right page and top to bottom.
  • The student will understand that words can tell a story (with or without pictures). 
  • The student will understand reading terminology: title, author, illustrator.

Comprehension of literature

  • The student will relate story to topic of study. 
  • The student will identify components of a story: character, setting, conflict, resolution, beginning, middle and end. 
  • The student will make predictions throughout the story. 
  • The student will observe pictures and relate them to the story (context clues). 
  • The student will recall parts of a story. 
  • The student will extend a story to personal experiences.

Writing

  • The student will begin to establish hand dominance. 
  • The student will begin to hold and use writing implements. 
  • The student will begin to develop an appropriate pencil grasp. 
  • The student will trace his/her name. 
  • The student will attempt to write his/her own name. 
  • The student will draw a 3 part person. 
  • The student will copy, draw lines, circles and symbols. 
  • The student will understand how words and pictures help us communicate in everyday life. 
  • The student will express his/her own ideas and stories through illustrations and beginning writing.

 

Math

Number Sense

  • The student will wrote count to 10. 
  • The student will recognize print of numbers 1-10. 
  • The student will identify ordinal numbers (to third place). 
  • The student will identify positional numbers (first, middle, last). 

Number value

  • The student will select a subset from the group 1-10. 
  • The student will count total items in a pre-established group 1-10. 
  • The student will compare number value (more, less). 

Geometry

  • The student will recognize eight basic shapes (circle, square, triangle, rectangle, diamond, oval, heart, star). 
  • The student will compare and identify sizes (small, medium, large). 
  • The student will compare and identify relative size (smaller, bigger). 

Matching & Sorting

  • The student will sort and classify items based on characteristics such as color, size, number and shape. 
  • The student will recognize like objects. 
  • The student will complete simple patterns (ABAB). 
  • The student will complete simple ordinal and chronological sequences. 
  • The student will identify simple opposites (big/little, less/more, etc.).

Weights and Measures

  • The student will classify items based on weight, length and volume. 
  • The student will use measuring tools (ruler, scale, blocks, cups, etc.). 
  • The student will compare and identify sizes (small, medium, large). 
  • The student will compare length (shorter, longer). 
  • The student will compare weight (heavier, lighter). 
  • The student will recognize opposites (short/long, light/heavy).

Spatial Sense

  • The student will demonstrate understanding of spatial positional language (in front of, behind, next to, over/above, under/below). 
  • The student will demonstrate understanding of spatial movement language (forward, backward, sideways, up, down).

 

Social Development

Self-Awareness

  • The student will establish a sense of positive self-identity.
  • The student will establish confidence in ability. 

Personal care

  • The student will recognize and act upon the need to use the restroom. 
  • The student will display the ability to independently use the restroom (use toilet, clean him/herself, flush toilet). 
  • The student will develop a habit of independently washing hands after toilet use. 
  • The student will develop the ability to take care of personal needs (wiping nose, changing own clothes, putting on shoes and socks). 
  • The student will develop the ability to put away personal items (coat, backpack, classwork, etc.).

Communication

  • The student will effectively communicate wants, needs and ideas with peers and adults. 
  • The student will ask for help when needed. 
  • The student will appropriately verbalize with peers during play. 
  • The student will begin recognizing social cues. 
  • The student will develop the use of self-regulation during the day. 
  • The student will develop the ability to transition from physical self-soothing to verbally expressing needs and wants. 
  • The student will understand personal space of self and others. 
  • The student will learn to navigate body in space. 
  • The student will use appropriate voice (volume, kind voices, age-appropriate voice). 
  • The student will recognize, label and regulate feelings.

Moral Development

  • The student will begin to develop an internal sense of right and wrong. 
  • The student will develop and display empathy towards others. 
  • The student will demonstrate care for others through his/her words and actions.

Transitions

  • The student will separate from parents during drop-off with confidence and ease. 
  • The student will identify and appropriately respond to various situations (new, scary, frustrating, etc.). 
  • The student will move from one activity to another in the classroom with ease. 
  • The student will move from classroom to other areas of school (example: specials, lunch, playground, etc.) with ease.

Relationships with Others (Family and Friends)

  • The student will transition from parallel to cooperative play. 
  • The student will demonstrate the ability to take turns. 
  • The student will understand the sharing of materials and space. 
  • The student will attempt to resolve conflicts independently. 
  • The student will respect other’s materials, feelings, and ideas.

Community of the classroom

  • The student will understand the need for rules. 
  • The student will create, identify and follow all classroom/school rules, routines and procedures. 
  • The student will understand accountability. 
  • The student will participate and follow-through with decision making. 
  • The student will be an active participant in maintaining the positive classroom environment. 
  • The student will participate in all large and small group activities. 
  • The student will attend to task and/or activity.

 

Physical Development

Fine Motor

  • The student will begin to develop a pencil grasp. 
  • The student will establish hand dominance. 
  • The student will begin to hold and use scissors appropriately. 
  • The student will use a variety of drawing and art implements correctly. 
  • The student will develop beading and threading skills. 
  • The student will grasp and pick up materials correctly. 
  • The student will build with manipulatives (example: horizontal – making chains, vertical – making towers) 
  • The student will pour from a pitcher. 
  • The student will use eating utensils properly.

Gross Motor

  • The student will walk in and on a line. 
  • The student will appropriately sit in a chair. 
  • The student will sit during circle using “criss-cross” or “pencil” legs. 
  • The student will use alternating feet on stairs without support. 
  • The student will independently put on his own coat.

Demonstration of Physical Abilities

  • The student will explore movement of his body (dancing, running, jumping, climbing, etc.). 
  • The student will appropriately use outdoor play equipment. 
  • The child will participate in group games. 
  • The student will attempt to catch a ball. 
  • The student will display the ability to comfortably cross midline during movement activities

 

Social Studies

  • The student will indicate an awareness of physical attributes of self and others. 
  • The student will identify different/same attributes (hair color, eye color, etc.). 
  • The student will identify developmental stages of life (ex: baby, childhood, adult). 
  • The student will identify family structure (mother, father, sister, brother, etc.). 
  • The student will display an understanding relationships between family and friends.

Geography

  • The student will identify homes, habitats and shelters. 
  • The student will understand the need for shelter. 
  • The student will recognize and interpret features and locations of homes in their environment and elsewhere. 

Diversity

  • The student will understand relationships to self to others. 
  • The student will develop an awareness of the similarities and differences of others. 
  • The student will begin to understand cultural backgrounds and celebrations.

Community Helpers

  • The student will identify familiar professionals and the role they play in our community. 
  • The student will identify “tools of the trade” for various professions and occupations.
  • The student will role play various occupations using the appropriate tools.

Time, continuity and change

  • The student will become familiar with the concept of yesterday, today and tomorrow. 
  • The student will recall information and make predictions on the basis of yesterday, today and tomorrow. 
  • The student will begin to associate activities with the “time” of day.

Dramatic Play

  • The student will role play various aspects of real life and imaginative life.

 

Science and Technology

Four Seasons

  • The student will identify, label and describe the four seasons. 
  • The student will recognize how each season is represented by changes in the environment (e.g., falling leaves) and changes in weather (e.g. snow). 
  • The student will recognize how each season affects the way we dress and feel.

Weather

  • The student will observe and report the day’s weather. 
  • The student will use appropriate vocabulary to describe the weather. 
  • The student will understand the effect of weather on dress and activities during the day.

Habitats

  • The student will identify, label and describe various habitats (e.g. forest, sea, desert). 
  • The student will identify animals and plants that may exist in each habitat. 
  • The student will compare and contrast habitats and their attributes. 
  • The student will recognize and identify various landforms (mountains, rivers, etc.).

Day and Night

  • The student will recognize the impact of season on day and night. 
  • The student will identify the attributes of day (sun, light, temperature). 
  • The student will identify the attributes of night (moon, stars, dark, temperature).

Care of the Earth

  • The student will explore the importance of taking care of his/her environment. 
  • The student will begin to understand the concept and importance of recycling. 
  • The student will begin to understand the concept of fire safety.

Physical Science

  • The student will explore the attributes of matter (solid, liquid, gas, weight, density and color). 
  • The student will explore the cause and relationships in everyday experiences (light/ shadow, sink/float).
  • The student will explore and use scientific tools (magnets, rulers, scales).

Scientific Method

  • The student will use their senses to gather information about objects and the environment.
  • The student will make simple observations, predictions, explanations and generalizations based on real life experience.
  • The student will collect, describe and record information through discussion, drawings and charts.

Life Science

  • The student will explore the concept of living versus non-living.
  • The student will identify, label and describe body parts and their relative location.
  • The student will identify the basic needs of all living creatures (food, water, shelter, love).
  • The student will recognize and identify the five senses.
  • The student will identify the body parts used for each of the five senses.
  • The student will describe how each sense helps us learn as well as understand our environment and how it affects it.
  • The student will understand the importance of adopting healthy behaviors (personal care, nutrition, exercise and sleep).
  • The student will begin classifying animals (mammals, birds, fish, amphibians and reptiles, insects).
  • The student will identify familiar attributes of animals (e.g. fur, feathers, fins, scales, antenna).
  • The student will identify the basic needs of animals (food, water, shelter, exercise, love).
  • The student will explore nocturnal and diurnal animals.
  • The student will explore the seasonal effects on animals (hibernation, gathering, migration).
  • The student will identify, label and describe parts of a plant.
  • The student will identify basic plant needs (sunlight, water, soil).

Technology

  • The student will explore and use tools of technology.
  • The student will manipulate iPad and SMARTboard applications.

 

Spanish

Listening

  • The student will begin to recognize basic greetings.
  • The student will be able to listen to and begin to understand a short story with repetitions and illustrations used as reinforcement.

Speaking

  • The student will repeat basic vocabulary.
  • The student will begin to use common vocabulary such as numbers, colors, and basic greetings.
  • The students will sing simple songs in Spanish. 

Culture

  • The student will be introduced to basic cultural traditions such as holidays, songs, games, and other activities from the Spanish speaking world.

 

Music

Performance and Production

  • The student will share their musical knowledge through vocal exploration, highlighting so and mi. 
  • The student will demonstrate a steady beat on rhythm instruments. 
  • The student will sing and move to a variety of musical genres including classical and world music. 
  • The student will demonstrate the difference between a singing voice and a speaking voice. 

Cultural Context and Music Theory

  • The student will identify classroom instruments by sight and sound. 
  • The student will identify between voices and instruments.

Judgment and Criticism

  • The student will show respect for the contributions of others in a music setting.

 

Physical Education

  • The student will engage in physical activities that promote physical fitness and health.
  • The student will begin to use rules and safe practices in physical activities. 
  • The student will participate in movement exploration. 
  • The student will begin to develop coordination in gross motor skills. 
  • The student will develop throwing, catching and kicking skills. 
  • The student will participate in unstructured and structured activities.

Junior Kindergarten

Language Arts

Oral Language

The student will demonstrate growth in the use of oral language and word meanings

  • Listen to and comprehend stories and poems, participate in songs, rhymes and stories with repeated word order patterns
  • Begin to speak in complete sentences that include subject, verb and object

The student will expand understanding and use of word meanings

  • Listen to and comprehend stories and poems
  • Participate in songs, rhymes and stories with repeated word order patterns
  • Begin to speak in complete sentences that include subject, verb and object 

The student will build oral communication skills

  • Begin to express ideas and needs in complete sentences
  • Begin to follow rules for conversation, including taking turns and staying on topic
  • Begin to participate in group discussions about various topics
  • Begin to follow one, two, and three-step directions

Reading
The student will begin to understand how print is organized and read.

  • Hold print materials in the correct position
  • Identify the front cover, back cover and title page of a book
  • Follow progression of words from left to write and top to bottom

The student will begin to demonstrate an understanding that print conveys meaning

  • Identify common signs and logos
  • Explain that printed materials provide information
  • Begin to read and explain own writing and drawing
  • Read first name and begin to recognize last name

The student will begin to develop an understanding of basic phonetic principles.

  • Identify, distinguish and name upper and lowercase letters of the alphabet
  • Identify and distinguish beginning consonant sounds
  • Begin to identify ending consonant sounds in single syllable words
  • Begin to match consonant sounds to appropriate letters
  • Begin to blend sounds of letters to decode single-syllable words

The student will begin to demonstrate comprehension of fictional and nonfiction texts.

  • Identify the roles of author and illustrator
  • Use pictures to identify topics and make predictions
  • Retell stories using a beginning, middle, and end
  • Discuss characters, setting, and events

The student will begin to print in manuscript using Handwriting Without Tears program.

  • Print uppercase letters of the alphabet independently
  • Begin printing lowercase letters
  • Print his/her first name
  • Begin to print his/her last name

The student will begin to write to communicate ideas.

  • Differentiate pictures from writing
  • Draw pictures and use phonetically spelled words to describe the pictures
  • Write left to right and top to bottom

 

Math

Number and Number Sense: Whole Number Concepts

  • The student will be able to count objects in a given set between 1 and 20 and assign the corresponding numeral.
  • The student will be able to recognize and write numerals from 1 to 20.
  • The student will indicate the ordinal position of each object, first through fifth.
  • The student will find the difference between two groups of objects and will identify one as greater than, less than or equal to.

Computation and Estimation: Whole Number Operations

  • The student will be introduced to the concept of addition using manipulatives and number bonds.

Measurement: Instruments and Attributes

  • The student will begin to tell time to the hour using analog clocks.
  • The student will begin to compare objects (height, weight, length) using nonstandard measurement.
  • The student will begin to recognize a penny, nickel, dime and quarter.

Geometry: Plane Figures

  • The student will identify, describe and draw two-dimensional (plane) geometric figures (triangle, square, rectangle and circle) according to the number of sides
  • The student will describe the location of one object relative to another (above, below, next to, in front of, behind).

Probability and Statistics: Interpretation of Graphs

  • The student will begin to interpret information displayed in a picture or object graph using the vocabulary more, less, fewer, greater than, less than and equal to.

Patterns, Functions and Algebra: Attributes and Patterning

  • The student will sort and classify objects according to one or more attributes (color, size, shape).
  • The student will identify, describe and extend repeating patterns.

 

Science

Scientific Investigation, Reasoning, and Logic

  • The student will begin to conduct investigations which develop their natural curiosity.
  • The student will begin to investigate using five senses and corresponding sensing organs.
  • The student will begin to identify and classify foods into the four main food groups.
  • The student will begin to conduct investigations in which the basic properties of objects are identified and described by direct observation.

Force, Motion, and Energy

  • The student will begin to investigate that magnets have an effect on some materials, make some things move without touching them, and have useful applications.
  • The student will begin to investigate and understand that water flows and has properties that can be observed and tested.
  • The student will begin to investigate, understand, and classify living and non-living. 
  • The student will begin to investigate that animals have specific physical characteristics and can be classified according to certain characteristics.
  • The student will begin to investigate the basic life processes of plants and animals and how they change and grow.

Interrelationships in Earth/Space Systems

  • The student will investigate and understand how shadows occur.

Earth Patterns, Cycles, and Change

  • The student will begin to investigate simple weather observations in his/her daily life.
  • The student will investigate seasonal changes.
  • The student will label the major parts of the human body.

 

Social Studies

History, Culture, Geography

  • The student will begin to recognize prominent figures associated with historical events and holidays – Johnny Appleseed, Christopher Columbus, George Washington, Martin Luther King, Jr. 
  • The student will study medieval times and compare and contrast everyday life in the present and in the past.
  • The student will begin to describe the relative location of people, animal and places using positional words (near/far, above/below, north/south).
  • The student will begin to develop awareness that maps and globes are used to show the position of places, animals, and people.
  • The student will be introduced to diverse cultures, traditions, languages and people by celebrating different holidays in countries around the world.

Self, Family, and Community

  • The student will be able to identify and define his/her position in the family.
  • The student will be able to recognize himself/herself as a unique individual.
  • The student will be able to develop an understanding of emotions and feelings and express the feelings in an appropriate manner.
  • The student will be able to identify and define a community and the role of people in the community.
  • The student will begin to develop an awareness of the importance of working to earn money and support oneself and family.
  • The student will begin to understand and demonstrate the role of being a good citizen.
    • Taking turns and sharing
    • Taking responsibility for chores in the classroom and at home
    • Following rules and understanding consequences
    • Practicing honesty, self-control, and kindness to others
    • Participating in group settings and decision making in the classroom
  • The student will begin to develop an awareness of environmental issues, habitat preservations and resource conservation.
  • The student will be introduced to the American flag and the Pledge of Allegiance.

 

Music 

Performance and Production

  • The student will share their musical knowledge through vocal exploration, highlighting pitches so, mi and do.
  • The student will perform various rhythmic patterns that include sounds and silences.
  • The student will sing, play and move following vocal and instrumental introduction.
  • The student will use movement to enhance music, stories, and poems.
  • The student will use the body to illustrate moods and contracts in music
  • The student will demonstrate a steady beat on rhythm instruments.

Cultural Context and Music Theory

  • The student will recognize and demonstrate expressive qualities of music including fast/slow and loud/soft.

Judgment and Criticism

  • The student will show respect for the contributions of self and others in a music setting.

 

French

  • The student will recognize and follow basic classroom commands such as asseyez-vouslevez la main, and écrivez votre nom.
  • The student will be able to listen to and understand a short story with repetitions and illustrations used as reinforcement. 
  • The student will communicate with the correct pronunciation of letter sounds. 
  • The student will use common vocabulary such as numbers, colors, and basic greetings. 
  • The student will be able to associate basic vocabulary words to given objects. 
  • The student will be able to recognize the written form of simple words based on initial 
  • The student will be introduced to basic cultural traditions such as holidays, songs, games, and other activities from the French speaking world. 
  • The student will celebrate French holidays throughout the year.

 

Spanish

  • The student will begin to recognize basic greetings. 
  • The student will be able to listen to and begin to understand a short story with repetitions and illustrations used as reinforcement.
  • The student will repeat basic vocabulary. 
  • The student will begin to use common vocabulary such as numbers, colors, and basic greetings. 
  • The students will sing simple songs in Spanish.                                           
  • The student will be introduced to basic cultural traditions such as holidays, songs, games, and other activities from the Spanish speaking world.

 

Physical Education

  • The student will engage in physical activities that promote physical fitness and health
  • The student will participate in movement exploration to build an understanding of the body and spatial awareness 
  • The student will engage in balance, coordination and flexibility activities 
  • The student will develop skills of dribbling, passing and kicking 
  • The student will participate in unstructured and structured activities 
  • The student will follow rules and safe play in physical activities 
  • The student will develop good sportsmanship, cooperation and teamwork

Kindergarten

Language Arts
Oral Language

  • The student will apply oral language to literature. 
  • Listen to a variety of literary forms, including stories and poems 
  • Tell and retell stories and events in sequential order 
  • The student will verbally communicate with teacher and peers. 
  • Follow and give simple two and three-step directions 
  • Ask and respond to questions in small-group settings 
  • The student will classify words in a sentence.

              - Use words to describe or name a person, place or thing
              - Use words to describe actions
              - The student will understand the concept of rhyme.
              - Identify and create rhyming words orally
              - Generate words in a rhyming pattern

  • The student will understand word parts and sounds.

             - Divide words into syllables
             - Blend sounds orally to make words

Reading

  • The student will understand how print is organized and read.

             - Follow reading from left to right and from top to bottom of a printed page
             - Recognize and name uppercase and lowercase letters
             - Identify words and sentences

  • The student will understand phonetic rules and acquire spelling principles.

            - Pronounce the sound of each letter
            - Use beginning and ending consonant sounds to decode c-v-c words
            - Use consonant blends to decode c-c-v-c and c-v-c-c words
            - Blend beginning, middle and ending sounds to recognize and read words
            - Recognize and read high frequency words
            - Use knowledge of alphabetical order by the first letter

  • The student will demonstrate comprehension of fiction and nonfiction.

            - Use pictures to make predictions about content
            - Discuss character, settings and events
            - Identify the roles of authors and illustrators

Writing

  • The student will print in manuscript.

            - Learn how to write uppercase and lowercase letters of the alphabet using the Handwriting Without Tears program
            - Print his/her first and last name
            - Write from left to right and top to bottom

  • The student will write to communicate ideas.

            - Understand the writing process: getting ideas, prewriting, drafting, revising, and publishing
            - Use descriptive words when writing about people, places, things and events
            - Begin each sentence with a capital letter and use ending punctuation
            - Use high frequency words and phonetically spelled words to write stories
            - Use available technology

Mathematics
Number and Number Sense

  • The student will count objects in a given set between 1 and 100 and write the corresponding numeral.
  • The student will group a collection of up to 100 objects into tens and ones and write the corresponding number.
  • The student will

            - Count forward by ones, fives and tens to 100
            - By twos to 20 and
            - Backwards by ones from 20

  • The student will identify ordinal positions first through tenth.
  • The student will identify and represent the concepts of one-half and one-fourth.

Computation and Estimation

  • The student will solve (using manipulatives and/or recall) addition and subtraction facts to 20
  • The student will use number bonds and ten frames to solve addition and subtraction problems

Measurement

  • The student will

             - Identify pennies, nickels, dimes and quarters and determine their worth
             - Identify the number of pennies equivalent to a nickel, dime and quarter
             - The student will tell time to the hour and half-hour using an analog and digital clock.

  • The student will use nonstandard units to measure length and weight.
  • The student will compare the weights of two objects using a balance scale.
  • The student will

            - Use calendar language appropriately (months, today, yesterday, tomorrow)
            - Identify specific dates on a given calendar

Geometry

  • The student will draw, describe and sort two-dimensional (plane) geometric figures (triangle, square, rectangle and circle) according to the number of sides and corners.
  • The student will identify and describe objects in his/her environment that depict (plane) geometric figures.
  • The student will be introduced to three-dimensional (solid) concrete figures (prism, cube, rectangular prism and cylinder).

Probability and Statistics

  • The student will investigate, identify and describe various forms of data collection in his/her world using tables, picture graphs and object graphs.
  • The student will interpret information displayed in a picture or object graph, using vocabulary more, less, fewer, greater than, less than and equal to.
  • The student will determine whether an estimate is reasonable

Patterns, Functions and Algebra

  • The student will sort and classify concrete objects according to one or more attributes, including color, size and shape.
  • The student will recognize, describe, extend and create a variety of patterns.

Social Studies

History

  • The student will review historical figures through stories, experiential historical recreations, and technology. Students study a variety of historical figures, including - John Chapman, Christopher Columbus, Pilgrims, George Washington, Abe Lincoln, Martin Luther King Jr. and individual figures for Black History Month.
  • The student will identify events honored by the holidays of Thanksgiving Day, Martin Luther King Jr. Day, President’s Day and Independence Day.
  • The student will compare and contrast everyday life in the present and the past.
  • The student will celebrate the history and customs of “Winter Holidays” around the world.

Geography

  • The student will develop an awareness of maps and globes.
  • The student will compare a map to a picture and use a map to get from one place to another.
  • The student will make a map of a community, including buildings found in the community.
  • The student will learn that a compass rose shows direction: north, south, east or west.
  • The student will learn about various countries and develop an appreciation for the culture, food, dress, music, literature, and language of various nations.

Economics

  • The student will match simple descriptions of work that people do with the names of those jobs.
  • The student will identify the services provided by communities and that people work to earn money.
  • Students will develop an understanding of the need to help others in our community through service.  

Citizenship

  • The student will demonstrate what makes a thoughtful citizen: respect, self-control, a helpful nature, kindness and honesty.
  • The student will know that the president is the leader of the United States.

Science
Scientific Investigation, Reasoning, and Logic

  • The student will investigate using five senses and corresponding sense organs that allow one to seek, find, take in, and react or respond to information.
  • The student will use and understand sensory descriptors to describe physical properties of an object.
  • The student will conduct investigations in which a set of objects is separated and classified into groups based on physical attributes.

Earth Patterns, Cycles, and Change

  • The student will identify different types of weather.
  • The student will explain the relationship of seasonal changes and weather.

Interrelationships in Earth/Space Systems

  • The student will investigate and understand the basic relationship between the sun and the Earth.
  • The student will investigate and understand the organization of the solar system and the relationships among the various bodies that comprise it. Key activities include introducing the names and characteristics of the planets of our solar system, recognizing the sun as a star and the center of our universe, and understanding day and night in relation to the Earth’s movement.

Biology

  • The student will identify the basic components and functions of the systems of the human body.
  • The student will explain that good oral health is related to personal hygiene including the care of one’s teeth. 
  • The student will be able to identify and know the characteristics of “My Plate”. 
  • The student will be able to classify foods into their corresponding food groups.

Life Processes

  • The student will investigate and understand that plants have life needs and functional parts. Key activities include the basic needs and parts of a plant.

Living Systems

  • The student will begin to investigate characteristics of herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores. 
  • The student will begin to investigate animals that lived in the prehistoric eras. 
  • The student will begin to investigate extinction and fossil evidence. 
  • The student will investigate that dinosaurs are reptile-like animals and their young were hatched from eggs.nKey activities include becoming aware that dinosaurs lived long ago, the concept of “extinct”, and introduction to dinosaur names and their sizes.

 Force, Motion, and Energy

  • The student will discuss that magnets have magnetic and nonmagnetic poles.
  • The student will understand that magnets attract or repel objects and begin to demonstrate applications of magnetism.

Art 
Creating: Generate and conceptualize artistic ideas and work.

  • The student will demonstrate self-expression through creation of works of art. 
  • The student will identify and use: Colors, textures, lines and line characteristics, shapes, background, patterns
  • The student will describe the sequence of steps in making a work of art.
  • The student will manipulate three dimensional art materials.
  • The students will demonstrate motor skills in painting, pasting, gluing, folding, cutting, modeling, printing, and stamping.
  • The student will identify primary and secondary colors.
  • The student will mix secondary colors using a variety of media.
  • The student will identify spatial relationships.

Presenting: Select, Analyze, and interpret art for presentation.

  • The student will select artwork to make a small portfolio.
  • The student will select a preferred work of art from among others and explain why it was chosen.
  • The student will discuss and explain ideas and expressions in personal works of art.

Responding: Perceive and analyse artistic work

  • The student will identify people who make art as artists.
  • The student will identify the purposes for creating works of art.
  • The student will discuss the concept that all cultures create works of art.
  • The student will look at, describe, and respond to works of art.
  • The student will create artwork based on various artists: Mondrian, Monet, Picasso, and Matisse.

Connecting: Synthesize and relate knowledge and personal experiences to make art.

  • The student will create a work of art that commemorates a personal or historical event.
  • The student will make a work of art that depicts a specific animal or plant.
  • The student will create a self portrait.
  • The student will create works of art inspired by stories.
  • The student will classify objects in an environment by using art vocabulary: color, texture, line, shape, and pattern.

Music
Performance and Production

  • The student will sing melodies and play instruments as part of a group using simple harmony.
  • The student will move body to a steady beat (march, pat, clap, and stomp).
  • The student will repeat and vocalize beat patterns in double and triple time.
  • The student will match pitches sung or played.
  • The student will recognize and perform even and uneven rhythm patterns.
  • The student will improvise and compose within a given framework.
  • The student will demonstrate beginning choral behaviors and sing with expression appropriate to the repertoire.
  • Cultural Context and Music Theory
  • The student will distinguish between rhythm and steady beat as well as high and low sounds.
  • The student will identify direction of aural melodic patterns and distinguish between step and leap melodic patterns.
  • The student will distinguish between major and minor tonality.
  • The student will recognize contrasting types of music by adjusting body movements when listening and dancing.
  • The student will identify verse, chorus or AB part form, and ABA part form.

Judgment and Criticism

  • The student will show respect for the contributions of self and others in a music setting.

Aesthetics

  •  The student will recognize the relationships between music and other disciplines.


French 

  • The students will identify, name and expand vocabulary learned in Junior Kindergarten such as numbers, colors, shapes, basic greetings, family members, animals, food and drinks, parts of the body, feelings, the weather, the days of the week.
  • The students will identify and name new vocabulary for the months, the seasons, clothes, school items and games. 
  • The students will recognize and follow basic classroom commands in French. 
  • The students will communicate with correct pronunciation 
  • The students will be able to listen to and understand a story with repetitions and illustrations used as reinforcement.  
  • The students will be able to ask permission to go to the bathroom or get a drink. 
  • The students will be able to ask and answer simple questions in French about each vocabulary topic. 
  • The students will be able to sing the songs that they learn in class. 
  • The students will be able to read the booklets that they create (pictures only). 
  • The students will use correct noun and color adjective agreement. 
  • The students will recognize basic cultural traditions such as holidays, songs, games, sports, food and other activities from the francophone world. 
  • The students will celebrate French holidays throughout the year. 

Spanish

  • The student will recognize and use basic sound clues for gender and number.
  • The student will recognize and follow basic classroom commands.
  • The student will be able to listen to and understand short stories with repetitions and illustrations used as reinforcement.
  • The student will be able to recognize and pronounce the correct sound of a new word. 
  • The student will communicate with correct pronunciation. 
  • The student will use common vocabulary such as numbers, colors, basic greetings, family members, the weather, the days of the week, and clothes.
  • The student will be able to sight read basic words of vocabulary from the lesson. 
  • The student will be able to recognize the written form of vocabulary words based on the sound of each word.
  • The student will recognize basic cultural traditions such as holidays, songs, games, sports, food and other activities from the Spanish- speaking world. 
  • The student will celebrate Spanish holidays throughout the year.

Physical Education
Movement Concepts

  • Travel within a large group, without bumping into others or falling, while using locomotor skills. 
  • Travel forward and sideways while changing direction quickly in response to a signal. 
  • Demonstrate contrasts between slow and fast speeds while using locomotor skills. 
  • Create shapes at high, medium, and low levels by using hands, arms, torso, feet, and legs in a variety of combinations. 
  • Body Management 
  • Create shapes by using non-locomotor movements. 
  • Balance on one, two, three, four, and five body parts. 
  • Balance while walking forward and sideways on a narrow, elevated surface. 
  • Demonstrate the relationship of under, over, behind, next to, though, right, left, up, down, forward, backward, and in front of by using the body and an object. 
  • Locomotor Movement 
  • Perform a continuous log roll. 
  • Travel in straight, curved, and zigzag pathways. 
  • Jump over a stationary rope several times in succession, using forward and-back, and side-to-side movement patterns 
  • Manipulative Skills

Strike

  • Toss a ball to oneself, using the underhand throw pattern, and catch it before it bounces twice. 
  • Kick a stationary object, using a simple kicking pattern.  
  • Bounce a ball continuously, using two hands.  

Rhythmic Skills 

  • Perform locomotor and nonlocomotor movements to a steady beat. 
  • Clap in time to a simple, rhythmic beat.

Grade 1

Language Arts
Oral Language

The student will demonstrate growth and an understanding of oral language structure.

  • Listen and respond to a variety of media, including books, iPads, various technology 
  • Tell and retell stories and events in logical order. 
  • Participate in a variety of oral language activities, including morning meeting. 
  • Express ideas orally in complete sentences. 
  • Create oral stories to share with others.
  • Create and participate in oral dramatic activities. 
  • Use correct verb tenses in oral communication. 
  • Use increasingly complex sentence structures in oral communication.
  • The student will continue to expand listening and speaking vocabularies. 
  • Increase oral descriptive vocabulary and use words that reflect a growing range of interests 
  • Follow and give two‐step, three‐step, and four‐step oral directions. 
  • Use singular and plural nouns. 
  • Identify and use synonyms and antonyms in oral communication. 
  • The student will use oral communication skills. 
  • Initiate conversation with peers and adults. 
  • Use appropriate voice level in small‐group settings. 
  • Ask and respond to questions in small‐group settings. 
  • Use oral language for different purposes: to inform, persuade, and entertain. 
  • Share stories or information orally with an audience. 
  • Summarize information shared orally by others. 

Word Study

The student will orally identify and manipulate phonemes (small units of sound) in syllables and 

  • Count phonemes (sounds) in syllables or words. 
  • Add or delete phonemes (sounds) orally to change syllables or words. 
  • Create rhyming words orally.
  • The student will apply phonetic principles to read and spell. 
  • Use beginning and ending consonants to decode and spell single‐syllable words. 
  • Use two‐letter consonant blends to decode and spell single‐syllable words. 
  • Use beginning consonant digraphs to decode and spell single‐syllable words. 
  • Use short vowel sounds to decode and spell single‐syllable words. 
  • Blend beginning, middle, and ending sounds to recognize and read words. 
  • Use word patterns to decode unfamiliar words. 
  • Read and spell common, high‐frequency sight words. 
  • The student will use meaning clues and language structure to expand vocabulary when reading. 
  • Use titles and pictures 
  • Use picture clues and story context to decode words. 
  • Use knowledge of sentence structure and sequence.

Reading

The student will read fiction and nonfiction, using a variety of strategies independently.

  • Make predictions about content.
  • Read to confirm predictions. 
  • Preview the selection by using pictures, diagrams, titles, and headings. 
  • Set purpose for reading. 
  • Reread and self‐correct when necessary. 
  • The student will read and demonstrate comprehension of a variety of texts 
  • Make text‐to‐self, text‐to‐text, text‐to‐world connections with text. 
  • Ask and answer who, what, when, where, why, and how questions. 
  • Describe characters, setting, and important events. 
  • Retell stories and events, using beginning, middle, and end. 
  • Identify the problem, solution, and main idea. 
  • Identify who is telling the story at various points in a text. 
  • Compare connections between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text. 
  • Explain major differences between storybooks and informational books. 
  • Compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in a series. 
  • The student will demonstrate comprehension of information in reference materials. 
  • Use a table of contents. 
  • Use pictures and charts. 
  • Use glossaries and indices in texts. 
  • Know and use various text features (e.g., headings, tables of contents, glossaries, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text. 
  • Identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures). 
  • Students will use appropriate fluency while reading out loud 
  • Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. 
  • Apply a storyteller’s voice while reading out loud using a variety of expressions

Writing

The students will write narratives (small moment stories)

  • Generate ideas before writing
  • Focus on one topic 
  • Recount two or more appropriately sequenced events 
  • Organize writing to include a beginning, middle, and end. 
  • Include details regarding what happened 
  • Use temporal words to signal event order 
  • Include ending for closure  
  • During the revision phase, with support from adults, student will 
  • Respond to questions and suggestions from peers 
  • Add details to strengthen writing  
  • Celebrate writing with others 
  • Students will write informative/explanatory texts where they will 
  • Name a topic 
  • Supply at least 3 facts about the topic 
  • Use words including synonyms and antonyms 
  • Include appropriate closing 
  • Include glossary, definitions, table of contents in text 
  • Students will write an opinion piece about a topic 
  • Introduce the topic  
  • Hook the readers by writing an introduction which grabs audiences attention 
  • State a strong opinion 
  • Support his or her opinion through examples 
  • Include an action ending to tell reader to go act upon author’s opinion

Students will write poetry

  • Identify words and phrases in poems to suggest strong feelings relating to the 5 senses 
  • Write a variety of poems, including haiku, acrostic, rhyming, concrete, simile, free verse
  • Students will write realistic narratives 
  • Include two or more appropriately sequenced events 
  • Include details regarding what happened 
  • Use temporal words to signal event order 
  • Provide closing 
  • Students will edit writing for correct grammar, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling 
  • Use correct spelling for high‐frequency sight words, short‐vowel sounds, and topics reviewed in word study 
  • The student will understand that sentences comprised of parts of speech. 
  • Define nouns as a person, place, or thing 
  • Understand use of singular and plural nouns and pronouns 
  • Identify verbs as the action of a sentence 
  • Identify adjectives in a sentence and use them in descriptive writing 
  • The students will apply writing mechanics to their writing 
  • Capitalize the beginning of sentences, proper nouns and the word I 
  • Apply proper ending punctuation 
  • Begin using commas in a series 
  • Begin using quotation marks when writing dialogue 
  • The student will identify complete sentences 
  • Use and properly punctuate statements, questions, and exclamations 
  • The students will print legibly and correctly 
  • Use proper pencil grip 
  • Form upper and lower case letters correctly 
  • Space words and sentences appropriately

Math
Number Bonds

  • Identify parts in a whole 
  • Create number stories to illustrate number bonds 
  • Divide a set of objects into two parts, in different ways 
  • Write number‐bonds for a given number within 100 
  • Find missing part of number‐bond

Numbers to 100

  • Numbers to 100 
  • Order of numbers 
  • Count by tens 
  • Count within 100 by tens 
  • Read and write numerals and number‐words for numbers within 100 
  • State the number which is 1 more than / 10 more than / 1 less than / 10 less than a given number within 10 
  • Compare two numbers within 100 
  • Arrange a group of numbers within 100 in ascending or descending order 
  • Count‐on by ones/tens from a given number 
  • Count‐back by ones/tens from a given number

Addition and Subtraction

  • Making Addition Stories 
  • Other Methods of Addition 
  • Addition within 100 
  • Comprehend the meaning of addition 
  • Associate addition with part‐whole concept 
  • Write the addition sentences using “+” and “=” 
  • Relate number‐bonds to addition sentences to number stories 
  • Use “count on” strategy to add two numbers within 10, one of which is 1, 2, or 3 
  • Practice counting on from 1, 2, or 3 
  • Review number‐pairs  
  • Adding three numbers 
  • Add a 2‐digit number and a 1‐digit number, without renaming 
  • Add a 2‐digit number and a 1‐digit number, using the “make‐10” strategy 
  • Add a 2‐digit number and tens 
  • Add two 2‐digit numbers in two steps, by first adding the tens and then adding the ones 
  • Making Subtraction Stories 
  • Comprehend the meaning of subtraction 
  • Associate subtraction with the part‐whole concept 
  • Make number‐stories for subtraction 
  • Compare addition to subtraction 
  • Write subtraction sentences using “‐“ and “=” 
  • Find missing part of a set using subtraction

Methods of Subtraction

  • Use “take‐away” as a method of subtraction 
  • Relate subtraction facts within 10 to number‐bonds 
  • Write a family of 4 addition and subtraction facts for give number bonds 
  • Recall subtraction facts within 5 
  • Use the “count‐back” strategy to subtract 1, 2, or 3 from a number within 10 
  • Practice counting back 1, 2, or 3 
  • Recognize numbers that differ by 1 or 2 
  • Subtraction within 100 
  • Subtract a 1‐digit number from a 2‐digit number, without renaming 
  • Subtract a 1‐digit number from a 2‐digit number, using the “subtract‐from‐ten” strategy 
  • Subtract tens from a 2‐digit number 
  • Subtract a 2‐digit number from another 2‐digit number in two steps, by first subtracting the tens and then subtracting the ones

Fractions

  • Making halves and quarters 
  • Recognize and name one half of a whole which is divided into 2 equal parts 
  • Recognize and name one quarter of a whole which is divided into 4 equal parts 
  • Recognize halves and quarters 
  • Recognize patterns

Length

  • Compare the lengths of two or more objects 
  • Estimate and measure length in non‐standard units

Weight

  • Compare the weights of two or more objects
  • Estimate and measure weight in non‐standard units 

Geometry

  • Sort and classify 2‐dimensional shapes according to shape, size, or color 
  • Describe or continue a pattern according to one or two attributes such as shape, size, or color 
  • Fit matching pieces together to form a basic shape 
  • Comparing Numbers 
  • Comparing numbers 
  • Comparison by subtraction 
  • Use the language of “more than” and “less than” 
  • Compare two numbers  
  • Compare two numbers by subtractions 
  • Solve picture problems involving comparison by subtraction

Graphs

  • Picture graphs 
  • Make simple picture graphs using one‐to‐one representation 
  • Read and interpret data presented as a picture graph

Time

  • Telling Time 
  • Tell the times on the hour 
  • Sequence events according to time 
  • Tell the times at half past the hour

Money

Bills and Coins

  • Recognize, name, and count coins and bills 
  • Change a coin for an equivalent set of coins of smaller denominations 
  • Change a bill for an equivalent set of bills of smaller denominations 
  • Compare the amount of money in 2 or 3 sets of coins or bills 
  • Shopping 
  • Read the price of an item and prepare payment 
  • Solve simple picture problems involving money within $20

Science
Scientific Investigation, Reasoning, and Logic

  • Students will learn to use the scientific method to conduct experiments 
  • Students will use questions and inquiry to formulate their own experiments 
  • Students will formulate hypotheses, gather data, and analyze findings 
  • Students will sort and classify according to attributes 
  • Life Processes 
  • Students will explain and show that plants and animals undergo a series of orderly changes in their life cycles 
  • Students will identify needs of plants and animals 
  • Students will classify plants and animals by characteristics  
  • Students will identify the characteristics of plants and animals that allow them to survive in specific habitats 
  • Students will explore why animals have developed specific adaptations that demonstrate evolution

Living Systems

  • Students will identify living things as a part of a system of living and nonliving organisms 
  • Students will investigate and understand that environments support a diversity of plants and animals that share limited resources 
  • Students will describe and illustrate a variety of water‐related and dry‐land habitat environments \Students will explore how various environments support living things 
  • Students will investigate how animals adapt to thrive in specific habitats 

Earth Patterns, Cycles, and Change

  • Students will describe  how weather and seasonal changes affect plants, animals, and habitats 
  • Students will explore and explain the parts of the water cycle 
  • Students will investigate and describe the rock cycle and identification minerals and rock types  
  • Students will investigate how weather conditions and phenomena occur and can be predicted 
  • Students will summarize that night and day are caused by the rotation of the Earth 
  • Students will compare and contrast the types, changes, and patterns of weather
  • Students will use tools to measure and record weather data Matter 
  • Students will observe and define the physical properties of solids, liquids and gasses 
  • Students will investigate how and why phase changes are impacted by heat 

Environmental Awareness

  • Students will define renewable and nonrenewable resources 
  • Students will learn ways to reduce their carbon footprint and protect the environment 
  • Students will investigate how humans affect all living creatures

Social Studies

Civics

  • Identify days of the week, seasons, holidays, and use time‐related concepts
  • Identify need for rules at home, in school, and in the larger world
  • Apply the traits of a good citizen
  • Work responsibly as an individual and as a group member

Community

  • Develop understanding of the differences and similarities between the attributes of urban, suburban, and rural communities in the United States and around the world.
  • Evaluate needs versus wants of citizens in a community.

Geography

  • Develop basic map symbols, including references to land, water, cities, and roads; including using cardinal directions on maps
  • Identify the shapes of the United States and Africa on maps and globes
  • Examine different kinds of maps that give different kinds of information
  • Construct and interpret maps of a familiar area
  • Describe how location, climate, and physical surroundings affect the way people live, including their food, clothing, shelter, transportation, and recreation

Economics

  • Recognize that money may be used to purchase goods and services which people need and/or want
  • Compare and contrast the coins and paper money of the United States.

Music
First Grade students meet with their music teacher twice a week and explore music through singing, playing instruments, listening and moving.  Utilizing our Orff instruments, world drums and other percussion instruments, students are challenged to create and perform music from around the globe. First Grade students perform in concerts throughout the school year.

Performance and Production

  • Students will have the opportunity to share their musical knowledge through progressing Orff and Kodaly with do, mi, so and la. 
  • The student will demonstrate rhythmic patterns which contain strong (accented) and weak (unaccented) beats.
  • The student will demonstrate gradual changes in the intensity of musical sound (dynamics). 
  • The student will imitate (echo) and perform rhythm patterns from stick or line notation (iconic notation), while maintaining  the steady beat; also respond appropriately to sounds and silences in patterns clapped, played, or sung by the teacher. 
  • The student will perform simple structured dances. 
  • The student will move in a creative manner in response to music or poetry, and will identify and respond to changes in tempo (speed).

Cultural Context and Music Theory

  • The student will vocally match pitches sung or played, within a 7 note range, and be able to identify high and low sounds. 
  • The student will recognize when music changes from one section to a contrasting section. 
  • The student will distinguish among the singing voices and if the music is accompanied or unaccompanied. 
  • The student will distinguish between the rhythm of the words (melodic rhythm) and the steady beat from aural examples.

Judgment and Criticism

  • The student will show respect for the contributions of self and others in a music setting.

French
The students will identify, name and expand vocabulary learned in Senior Kindergarten such as numbers, colors, basic greetings, family members, animals, food and drinks, parts of the body, feelings, the weather, the days of the week, the months, the seasons, clothes, school items and games.

  • The students will identify and name new vocabulary for sports and games, house, toys and basic verbs 
  • The students will recognize and follow basic classroom commands in French. 
  • The students will communicate with correct pronunciation 
  • The students will be able to listen to and understand a story with repetitions and illustrations used as reinforcement 
  • The students will be able to ask permission to go to the bathroom or get a drink. 
  • The students will be able to ask and answer simple questions in French about each vocabulary topic. 
  • The students will be able to read the songs that they learn in class and the booklets that they write. 
  • The students will use correct noun and adjective agreement. 
  • The student will recognize basic cultural traditions such as holidays, songs, games, sports, food and other activities from the francophone world. 
  • The student  will celebrate French holidays throughout the year.

Spanish
The student will continue to develop vocabulary learned in Kindergarten such as numbers, colors, basic greetings, family members, animals, parts of the body, feelings, the weather, clothing, days of the week, clothes, and school items.

  • The student will identify and name new vocabulary for the months of the year, seasons, school supplies, pets, community helpers, and basic verbs. 
  • The student will recognize and follow basic classroom commands in Spanish. 
  • The student will communicate with correct pronunciation.  
  • The student will be able to listen to and understand stories with repetition and illustrations used as reinforcement. 
  • The student will be able to ask permission to go to the bathroom or get a drink.  
  • The student will be able to answer simple questions in Spanish about each vocabulary topic.  
  • The student will be able to read simple books in Spanish. 
  • The student will use correct noun and adjective agreement.  
  • The student will recognize basic cultural traditions such as holidays, songs, games, sports, food and other activities from the Hispanic world. 
  • The student will celebrate Spanish holidays throughout the year.

Art
Creating: Generate and conceptualize artistic ideas and work.

  • The student will recognize and discuss various solutions to a single art problem choice of materials, choice of subject, design/size. 
  • The student will use the sense of vision, touch, and hearing as inspirations for works of art: music, color, design. 
  • The student will identify and use: Primary colors, Secondary colors, warm and cool colors; Line and line variations zigzag, dotted, wavy, spiral; Shape geometric and organic; Patterns alternating and repeating. 
  • The student will create works of art inspired by spoken and written stories.
  • The student will create art from real and imaginary sources of inspiration.
  • The student will use past experiences and simulated situations as subject matter in works of art.
  • The student will demonstrate the ability to recognize size relationships foreground, middle ground, background.
  • The student will develop eye/hand coordination by drawing and constructing.
  • The student will observe and depict people in a work of art.
  • The student will demonstrate motor skills by weaving, tearing, and folding. 
  • The student will use clay to create pinch pots. 
  • The student will use a ruler as a straight edge.

Presenting: Select, Analyze, and interpret art for presentation.

  • The student will discuss the reasons why works of art have value.

Responding: Perceive and analyze artistic work.

  • The student will identify and describe works of art that communicate feelings, ideas, and information.
  • The student will learn how other cultures use art as expression.
  • The student will discuss why viewers may have different responses to works of art.
  • The student will view works of art and describe similarities and differences between them.
  • The student will respond orally to works of art with references to primary colors; line; texture; shape; and pattern.
  • The student will describe and discuss ideas and emotions communicated in works of art.

Connecting: Synthesize and relate knowledge and personal experiences to make art.

  • The student will recognize and describe how art is an integral part of one’s own culture religion; stories, tales, myths; Historical events.

Physical Education
Movement Concepts

  • Awareness of personal space, general space, and boundaries while moving in different directions and at high, medium, and low levels in space. 
  • Speed 
  • Levels 
  • Space Pathways

Body Management 

  • Balance 

Locomotor Movement

  • Hop 
  • Gallop 
  • Running 
  • Sliding, and skipping

Manipulative Skills 

  • Catching 
  • Throwing a ball 
  • Volley (Underhand) 
  • Dribbling/Ball control with feet 
  • Kicking 
  • Passing and receiving with feet

Rhythmic Skills

  • Create or imitate movement in response to rhythms and music. 
  • Fitness Knowledge 
  • Muscular Strength/Endurance

Flexibility 

  • Muscular Strength/Endurance
  • Aquatics 
  • Self-Responsibility 
  • Participate willingly in new physical activities. 
  • Identify and demonstrate acceptable responses to challenges, successes, and failures in physical activity.

Social Interaction 

  • Demonstrate the characteristics of sharing and cooperation in physical activity. 
  • Invite others to use equipment or apparatus before repeating a turn. 
  • Group Dynamics 
  • Identify and demonstrate the attributes of an effective partner in physical activity. 
  • Identify and demonstrate effective practices for working with a group without interfering with others.

Group Dynamics

  • Identify and demonstrate the attributes of an effective partner in physical activity.
  • Identify and demonstrate effective practices for working with a group without interfering with others.

Grade 2

Language Arts
Oral Language

The student will use effective listening skills

  • Use eye contact, ask questions and summarize what is being said 
  • Listen to and follow multi‐step directions 
  • The student will use effective oral communication skills  
  • Retell events in order with accuracy 
  • Participate in different  group discussions and class meetings 
  • Present learned information orally 
  • Engage audience using voice, eye contact and visual media  
  • Ask and respond to questions to clarify, check for understanding or move discussion forward  

Word Study

The student will apply word study skills in reading and writing

  • Identify and apply complex consonant blends 
  • Identify and apply silent letters in long vowel patterns 
  • Identify and apply the k, ck and ke endings 
  • Identify and apply r‐influenced vowel patterns 
  • Identify and apply common long vowel patterns 
  • Identify and apply diphthongs and ambiguous vowels 
  • Recognize the sound patterns and meanings of homophones and homographs 
  • Read and spell common high‐frequency sight words

Reading

The student will read orally with fluency and expression

  • Use intonation that correctly corresponds with punctuation 
  • Adjust their reading speed to aid in comprehension
  • The student will read and comprehend a variety of genres including fiction novels and nonfiction texts  

Fiction 

  • Set a purpose for reading 
  • Identify fiction genres such as realistic fiction, historical fiction, mystery, folktales, fantasy 
  • Make, confirm and revise predictions throughout reading 
  • Identify cause and effect relationships 
  • Summarize and identify the main idea from the details 
  • Retell events in a story in order  
  • Identify story elements such as character, setting, problem and solution 
  • Identify character traits using evidence from the text  
  • Form opinions about characters 
  • Differentiate between the beginning, middle and end of a story  
  • Make connections from what they are reading to their lives, the world or other texts 
  • Recognize patterns and discuss similarities and differences between book  series  
  • Recommend books with supporting reasons 

Non‐fiction 

  • Identify the author’s purpose 
  • Identify a purpose for reading 
  • Identify and use text features such as captions, bold print, headings, pictures, index and glossaries to inform reading 
  • Draw own conclusions based on informational texts 
  • Determine facts from opinion 
  • Compare and contrast elements within a text or between texts 
  • Form opinions using evidence from texts 
  • Use learned information to prepare a presentation
  • The student will apply word‐analysis skills when reading 
  • Use context clues to derive meaning from unknown words 
  • Decode multisyllabic words using knowledge of consonant digraphs, vowel patterns, and  consonant blends 
  • Apply phonics and word study skills to decode unknown words

Writing

The students will develop their writing pieces through a process 

  • Generate ideas for writing  
  • Create a plan before writing 
  • Write with a beginning, middle and end 
  • Revise for clarity 
  • Edit for appropriate spelling, capitalization and punctuation 
  • Publish for sharing 
  • The students will write personal narratives  
  • Examine mentor texts for inspiration  
  • Create small moment stories using descriptive language 
  • Summarize events using ordinal words and transition words 
  • Include information about who, what, where, when, why and how  
  • Include a beginning, middle and end
  • The students will write to create stories 
  • Examine mentor texts for inspiration 
  • Develop characters using character traits  
  • Create an exciting beginning by using action and dialogue  
  • Describe their setting using sensory language 
  • Develop a clear problem and solution 
  • Use clarifying details 
  • Use dialogue, action, and feelings to enrich stories  
  • The students will write to express an opinion or persuade 
  • Examine author’s craft and apply style and techniques in their own writing 
  • Introduce a topic and state opinion 
  • Provide multiple reasons to support opinion 
  • Write a conclusion  
  • The students will write to inform 
  • Examine mentor texts for inspiration  
  • Create non‐fictions pieces such as autobiographies, biographies, research pieces, and how‐to books 
  • Introduce topic and set purpose 
  • Support the topic with facts, details and description 
  • Write a conclusion 
  • The students will identify and use correctly the parts of speech in their written language 
  • Identify nouns and verbs in a sentence 
  • Identify adjectives in a sentence and use them in descriptive writing 
  • Identify adverbs in a sentence and use them in descriptive writing 
  • Identify pronouns and apply them in writing
  • The students will apply writing mechanics to their writing 
  • Capitalize the beginning of sentences, proper nouns and the word I 
  • Apply proper ending punctuation 
  • Apply apostrophes correctly in contractions and possessive nouns 
  • Use commas in a series 
  • Begin using quotation marks when writing dialogue 
  • The students will print legibly and correctly 
  • Use proper pencil grip 
  • Form upper and lower case letters correctly 
  • Space words and sentences appropriately 
  • Begin learning the cursive alphabet  
  • The students will use technology to create and publish writing when appropriate

Math
Place Value

  • Read and write numbers within the thousands.
  • Relate each digit in a 4‐digit number to its place value.
  • Compare and order numbers within 1,000.
  • Complete number patterns within 1,000.

Addition and Subtraction

  • Recall addition and subtraction facts up to 20 with speed and accuracy.
  • Understand the meaning of addition and subtraction (whole‐part‐part).
  • Add and subtract numbers mentally within 100.
  • Add and subtract 1’s, 10’s and 100’s to numbers mentally within 1,000.
  • Subtract mentally from 100
  • Add and subtract numbers within 1,000 using different strategies.
  • Solve 1‐step and 2‐step word problems involving addition and subtraction.
  • Use the part‐whole and comparison models to represent word problems.
  • Understand and use inverse relationship between addition and subtraction.
  • Compare numbers by using subtraction to find the difference.
  • Solve 1‐step and 2‐step word problems involving addition and subtraction.

Multiplication and Division

  • Use repeated addition and arrays to multiply
  • Use sharing and grouping to divide.
  • Relate multiplication to division
  • Multiply and divide by 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 10.
  • Use repeated subtraction to divide and find the remainder.
  • Solve 1‐step word problems involving multiplication and division

Fractions

  • Recognize and name fractions of a whole.
  • Make a whole with a fraction.
  • Compare and order fractions with a common numerator.
  • Recognize and name fractions of a set.

Length

  • Compare and measure length in non‐standard units.
  • Compare and estimate length in meters, centimeter, yards, feet and inches.
  • Compare measurements made in different units.
  • Add and subtract lengths within the same unit.

Area and Perimeter

  • Find the area of figures in square units.
  • Understand that figures with different shapes can have the same area.
  • Find the perimeter of a figure given the lengths of the sides

Geometry

  • Identify and describe 2‐dimensional shapes.
  • Identify and describe 3‐dimensional objects (faces, edges and vertices).
  • Combine shapes to form compound shapes

Time

  • Read and write time to nearest 5 minute mark.
  • Find the duration of a time interval.
  • Solve word problems involving time intervals.
  • Understand relationships of time (years, months, days, weeks, hours and seconds)

Money

  • Count sets of bills and coins to $10.00
  • Recognize, read, and write decimal notation for money.
  • Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of money

Science
Scientific Investigation, Reasoning and Logic: Students learn to use the scientific method

  • formulate questions
  • create hypotheses
  • collect and record data
  • analyze data
  • form conclusions

Life Processes

  • Students will define the parts of a plant and their purposes 
  • Identify the root hairs on the roots as where water enters a plant and that roots anchor a plant into the ground 
  • Identify the stem  as where the water flows up to the rest of the plant  
  • Identify the leaves as where photosynthesis takes place 
  • Identify the parts of a flower as the petals, stamen, pistil, ovary 
  • Define the process of photosynthesis  
  • Define the process of pollination and fertilization that occurs to produce a seed  
  • Investigate plant adaptations that help them to survive in the conditions of their habitat 
  • Examine carnivorous plants 
  • Students will classify animals as either vertebrates or invertebrates 
  • Students will classify vertebrates as a mammal, bird, fish, reptile or amphibian  
  • Students will investigate physical characteristics of animals in relation to adaptations 
  • Students will define behavioral adaptations that animals have to help them survive in a specific habitat

Living Systems

  • Students will examine the characteristics of various habitats around the world, including the rainforest, tundra, temperate forest, savanna, desert, ocean, and wetlands 
  • Students will make connections between climate, geography and habitat 
  • Students will investigate food chains that are specific to each habitat  
  • Students will examine food pyramids and how the proportion of plants, herbivores and carnivores needs to be in a healthy ecosystem 

Matter

  • Students will observe and define the physical properties of solids, liquids and gasses 
  • Students will investigate how and why phase changes are impacted by heat 
  • Students will identify an atom as the smallest bit of matter 
  • Students will define a molecule as atoms linked together 
  • Students will examine the parts of an atom: protons, neutrons and electrons 
  • Force, Motion, and Energy 
  • Students will investigate sound energy 
  • Recognize sound as a vibration of molecules and learn how sound travels 
  • Differentiate between pitch and frequency 
  • Investigate how sound travels through different states of matter 
  • Students will investigate light energy 
  • Examine how wavelength effects light color 
  • Define refraction 
  • Define reflection 
  • Define absorption 
  • Students will investigate heat energy 
  • Examine how heat is created by the movement of molecules 
  • Identify causes of heat 
  • Examine the relationship between friction and heat 
  • Define conduction and insulation and identify materials that are conductors and materials that are insulators 
  • Observe how and why matter changes size in relation to heat 
  • Students will investigate electricity 
  • Define electricity as the flow of electrons  
  • Identify the parts of a simple circuit 
  • Build a simple circuit  
  • Investigate how insulators and conductors impact circuits  
  • Examine renewable (including wind, solar, hydro,geothermal,biomass and nuclear) and nonrenewable sources of electricity (fossil fuels)  

Environmental Issues

  • Students will define renewable and nonrenewable resources 
  • Students will learn about ways to reduce their carbon footprint and protect the environment 
  • Students will study endangered species around the world  
  • Define cause of their endangerment  
  • Identify how they fit into their food chain 
  • Investigate physical and behavioral adaptations that help them survive in their habitat  
  • Research ways that humans can help species grow in population

Social Studies

History

  • Learn to locate, gather and process information from each civilization
  • Investigate ancient Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt
  • Make connections between ancient and modern civilizations
  • Compare and contrast the religions, architecture, inventions, number system, government, and written language of each civilization
  • Explore major symbols or figures from each civilization

Geography

  • Use the different parts of a map (compass rose, legend, key) appropriately
  • Construct and interpret maps of a familiar area
  • Describe how location, climate, and physical surroundings affect the way people live, including their food, clothing, shelter, transportation, and recreation
  • Identify the geography of each civilization (Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt) using maps and globes
  • The student will interpret and construct maps and/or charts relating to each ancient civilization

Economics

  • Identify natural resources and human resources
  • Explore the use of barter and the use of money in the exchange for goods and services

Civics

  • The student will examine the social structure/system of government of each civilization and compare and contrast the system to our modern social structure/system of government

French

  • Review and expand the vocabulary learned in first grade such as such as numbers, colors, greetings, family members, animals, food and drinks, parts of the body, feelings, the weather, the days of the week, the months, the seasons, clothes, school items, games, house, toys and basic verbs
  • The students will identify and name new vocabulary for the French alphabet, table setting vocabulary,  adjectives, hobbies, sports and activities, expressions of courtesy (using Vous), numbers 0­69/Counting with euros, vocabulary for going shopping  
  • The students will recognize and follow classroom commands in French. 
  • The students will communicate with correct pronunciation  
  • The students will be able to listen to and understand a story with repetitions and illustrations used as reinforcement. 
  • The students will be able to ask permission to go to the bathroom or get a drink. 
  • The students will be able to ask and answer simple questions in French about each vocabulary topic. 
  • The students will be able to read the songs that they learn in class, the booklets that they write, and their individual descriptions of the world around them.  
  • The students will use correct noun and adjective agreement. 
  • The students will use verb Etre and Avoir in context. 
  • The students will use simple regular­er verbs in the infinitive form in context with singular subject pronouns. 
  • The students will be able to express wishes using Je voudrais...(I would like) 
  • The students will recognize basic cultural traditions such as holidays, songs, games, sports, food and other activities from the francophone world.
  • The students will celebrate French holidays throughout the year.

Spanish

  • The student will continue to develop previously learned vocabulary such as numbers, colors, greetings, family members, animals, parts of the body, feelings, weather, days of the week, months of the year, seasons, clothes, school items, and basic verbs.
  • The student will identify and name new vocabulary that includes classroom objects, house, table setting, adjectives, sports and activities, expressions of courtesy, numbers 0­100, telling time to the hour and half hour, and wild animals. 
  • The student will learn the Spanish alphabet. 
  • The student will recognize and follow classroom commands in Spanish. 
  • The student will communicate with correct pronunciation. 
  • The student will be able to ask permission to go to the bathroom or get a drink. 
  • The student will be able to listen to and understand stories with repetition and illustrations used as reinforcement. 
  • The student will be able to ask and answer simple questions in Spanish about each vocabulary topic. 
  • The student will be able to read simple books in Spanish and write individual descriptions of the world around them.
  • The student will use correct noun and adjective agreement. 
  • The student will begin to conjugate commonly used verbs in first and third person. 
  • The student will recognize basic cultural traditions such as holidays, songs, games, sports, food and other activities from the Hispanic world.
  • The student will celebrate Spanish holidays throughout the year.

Music

  • Second Grade students meet with their music teacher twice a week and explore music through singing, playing instruments, listening and moving.  Building on musicianship skills from previous years, it is our intent that each second grader begin transforming into their own creative, unique musician.  Utilizing our Orff instruments, world drums and other percussion instruments, students are challenged to create and perform music from around the globe. Second Grade students perform in concerts throughout the school year. 

Performance and Production

  • Students will have the opportunity to share their musical knowledge through Orff and Kodaly with entire scale (do, re, mi, fa, so, la, ti, do).
  • The student will perform, with a steady beat, simple rhythmic patterns from traditional notation, including simple repeated patterns (ostinati).  
  • The student will identify and respond to gradual changes in tempo.
  • The student will play single chord songs on Orff instruments to accompany group singing. 
  • The student will create music to enhance songs, short stories, and poems.
  • The student will match locomotor movements to given patterns and tempi.
  • The students will clap the rhythm of the words (melodic rhythm) to songs and chants.

Cultural Context and Music Theory

  • The student will identify two simple contrasting parts of a musical composition (AB part form).  
  • The student will identify four orchestral families (strings, woodwinds, brass, and percussion) from aural and visual examples.  Selected instruments will be identified by sight and sound. 
  • The student will identify notated melodic patterns which move upward, downward, or remain the same.

Judgment and Criticism

  • The student will show respect for the contributions of self and others in a music setting.

Art
Creating: Generate and conceptualize artistic ideas and work.

  • The student will incorporate unanticipated results of art making into works of art 
  • The student will use literary sources to generate works of art 
  • The student will identify and use Elements and principles of design‐ color, line, shape, form: 
  • Primary, secondary, warm, cool, intermediate/analogous colors 
  • Shapes­ geometric and organic 
  • 3-Dimensional forms­ cube, cylinder, sphere, pyramid, and cone 
  • The student will communicate an environmental or historical theme in a work of art 
  • The student will create a sewn project. 
  • The student will depict objects in proportion within a work of art. 
  • The student will collaborate with others to create a work of art. 
  • The student will create a 3-Dimensional work of art. 
  • The student will make a work of art by manipulating clay. 
  • The student will compare and contrast organic and geometric shapes in works of art. 
  • The student will create a portrait.
  • The students will use a ruler as a straight edge and measuring tool.

Presenting: Select, Analyze, and interpret art for presentation.

  • The student will express opinions with supporting statements regarding works of art (What do you like and why) 
  • The student will distinguish between natural objects and objects made by human in the environment.

Responding: Perceive and analyse artistic work

  • The student will identify symbols that various cultures use to represent common themes. 
  • The student will identify art from other cultures, including ancient Egypt. 
  • The student will express opinions with supporting statements regarding works of art (What do you like and why) 
  • The student will distinguish between natural objects and objects made by human in the environment. 
  • The student will discuss the meanings and feelings evoked by works of art. 
  • The student will discuss the ways that the art of a culture reflects its people’s attitudes and beliefs‐ mythology and storytelling.

Connecting: Synthesize and relate knowledge and personal experiences to make art.

  • The student will identify and use a variety of sources for art ideas, including nature, people, visuals, imagination, and resource materials. 
  • The student will incorporate unanticipated results of art making into works of art 
  • The student will use literary sources to generate works of art 
  • The student will communicate an environmental or historical theme in a work of art

Physical Education

  • Personal responsibility and feedback
  • Rules and safety 
  • Movement concepts:
  1. Space, Pathways, Shapes and Levels 
  2. Speed, Directions, and Force
  • Muscular Strength/Endurance
  • Flexibility
  • Muscular Strength/Endurance
  • Manipulative skills:
  1. Overhand Throwing a ball
  2. Catching
  3. Volley (Underhand)
  4. Dribbling/Ball control with feet
  5. Kicking
  6. Passing and receiving with feet
  • Fitness knowledge
  • Self-Responsibility:
  1. Participate in a variety of group settings (e.g., partners, small groups, large groups) without interfering with others.
  2. Accept responsibility for one’s own behavior in a group activity.
  • Social Interaction:
  1. Acknowledge one’s opponent or partner before, during, and after an activity or game and give positive feedback on the opponent’s or partner’s performance. 
  2. Encourage others by using verbal and nonverbal communication.
  3. Demonstrate respect for self, others, and equipment during physical activities.
  4. Demonstrate how to solve a problem with another person during physical activity.
  • Group Dynamics :
  1. Participate positively in physical activities that rely on cooperation. 

Grade 3

Language Arts
Oral Language

The student will use effective listening skills

  • Active audience member when listening to presentations and reports
  • Listen to and record information
  • Ask related questions of presenter
  • Summarize the presentation
  • Provide feedback and opinion to presenter

The student will use effective oral communication skills in a variety of settings

  • Use subject‐related information and vocabulary
  • Seek ideas and opinions of others
  • Support opinions with personal experience or documentation
  • Use grammatically correct language and specific vocabulary to communicate ideas

Word Study

  • The student will apply word study skills in reading and writing  
  • Identify and apply plural endings s and es
  • Identify and use irregular plurals 
  • Identify and apply inflectional endings for ed, and ing
  • Identify and use compound words
  • Identify open and closed syllables
  • Identify and apply vowel patterns in accented syllables
  • Identify and apply final unaccented syllables
  • Recognize the sound patterns and meaning of two‐syllable homophones and homographs.
  • Identify special consonants in two‐syllable words
  • Identify and apply simple prefixes and suffixes
  • Use word‐reference materials, including the glossary, dictionary, and thesaurus, from texts, apposition; and multiple meanings of words
  • Use correct spelling for high‐frequency words

The student will develop a vocabulary using words garnered from reading material in class

  • Develop definitions without the use of a dictionary
  • Use context to clarify meanings of unfamiliar words
  • Explain words with multiple meanings
  • Draw pictures that represent the words
  • Write antonyms and synonyms and homonyms
  • Make personal connections with each word, as well as write sentences
  • Determine missing words from sentences
  • Practice vocabulary using analogies

Reading

The student will read fiction and nonfiction with fluency and accuracy

  • Use context to clarify meanings of unfamiliar words
  • Explain words with multiple meanings
  • Use knowledge of word origins; synonyms, antonyms, and homonyms; and homophones
  • Use word‐reference materials, including the glossary, dictionary, and thesaurus

The student will read and demonstrate comprehension of fiction

  • Form predictions before reading
  • Identify story elements
  • Describe how the choice of language, dialect, setting, and information contributes to the story’s meaning
  • Compare and contrast different genres of fiction
  • Identify major events and supporting details
  • Form connections between text and previously read materials, and personal experiences 
  • Visualize what is happening in the text
  • Infer meaning from text
  • Ask questions about the text
  • Reread challenging parts of text for better understanding
  • Compare the use of fact and fantasy in historical fiction with other forms of literature
  • Describe the relationship between text and previously read materials

The student will read and demonstrate comprehension of nonfiction

  • Use text organizers, such as type, headings, and graphics, to predict and categorize
  • Formulate questions that might be answered in the selection
  • Draw conclusions using information from texts
  • Summarize content of selection
  • Describe relationship between content and previously learned concepts or skills
  • Identify new information gained from reading 
  • Distinguish fact from opinion and cause and effect
  • Identify the author’s purpose

The student will demonstrate comprehension of information resources to research a topic

  • Construct questions about a topic
  • Collect information, using print and online resources 
  • Evaluate and synthesize information

The student will learn how to use reading comprehension strategies and skills

  • Ask questions to develop a deeper understanding of the text 
  • Reread to clarify meaning
  • Recall information and experiences with the topic
  • Predict what will happen next in fictional pieces
  • Recognize appropriate reading speed within the text
  • Summarize periodically to maintain memory of story elements
  • Identify the author’s point of view
  • Maintain the order of events
  • Distinguish fact from opinion
  • Understand details to develop a main idea
  • Distinguish between cause and effect and between fact and opinion
  • Compare and contrast elements within the story and with previously read material

Writing

The student will write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons

  • Introduce the topic or text they are writing about, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure that lists reasons
  • Provide reasons that support the opinion
  • Use linking words and phrases (e.g., because, therefore, since, for example) to connect opinion and reasons
  • Provide a concluding statement or section

The student will write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.

  • Introduce a topic and group related information together
  • Develop the topic with facts, definitions, and details
  • Use linking words and phrases (e.g., also, another, and, more, but) to connect ideas within categories of information
  • Provide a concluding statement or section

The student will write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences

  • Establish a situation and introduce a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally
  • Use dialogue and descriptions of actions, thoughts, and feelings to develop experiences and events or show the response of characters to situations
  • Use temporal words and phrases to signal event order
  • Provide a sense of closure

The student will identify and use correctly in written and spoken language the parts of speech

  • Identify nouns, including common and proper, and write them correctly in sentences 
  • Apply word study skills to write singular, plural, and possessive nouns
  • Identify and spell action, main, and helping verbs, along with their correct tenses
  • Write the past tense of irregular verbs, recognize the forms of the verb be
  • Define adjectives and locate the nouns they describe
  • Use the articles a, an, and the correctly, as well as forms of the words good and bad
  • Use the correct form of the adjective when comparing two or more persons, places, or 
  • Identify and use correctly in written and spoken language subject, object, and possessive 
  • Define adverbs and the verbs they describe
  • Use the correct forms of good and well

The student will understand and correctly use the mechanics of capitalization and punctuation

  • Master use of beginning sentences with capital letters and ending with proper end marks
  • Apply rules of capitalization to proper nouns, applicable abbreviations (including two‐letter state abbreviations)
  • Use commas in series, dates, addresses, and direct address.
  • Identify direct and indirect quotation in sentences
  • Correctly punctuate quotations

The student will understand parts of a sentence

  • Distinguish among complete sentences, fragments, and run‐ons
  • Identify complete and simple subjects and predicates
  • Recognize, write, and punctuate properly statements, questions, commands 
  • Construct simple and compound sentences

The student will write legibly

  • Master their letter formation and spacing for printed writing 
  • Learn to write all lowercase letters in cursive

Math

Place Value

  • Read and write numbers less than 10,000.
  • Relate each digit in a 5‐digit number to its place value.
  • Compare and order numbers within 10,000.

Addition and Subtraction

  • Understand the terms sum and difference.
  • Solve 1‐step and 2‐step word problems involving addition and subtraction.
  • Use the part‐whole and comparison models to represent word problems.
  • Add and subtract numbers up to 10,000 using the formal algorithm. 
  • Learn strategies for mentally adding a 2‐digit number close to a 10 or 100. 

Multiplication and Division

  • Multiply and divide with factors 0‐10.
  • Solve 1‐step and 2‐step word problems involving multiplication and division. 
  • Use part‐whole and comparison models to represent word problems. 
  • Understand the terms product, quotient, and remainder. 
  • Multiply and divide numbers within 1000 by 2‐9 using the formal algorithm. 
  • Learn mental math strategies for multiplication.

Fractions
● Recognize and name fractions of a whole.
● Make a whole with a fraction. 
● Compare and order fractions with a common numerator and common denominator. 
● Recognize and name equivalent fractions.
● Find equivalent fractions using multiplication and division. 
● Find the simplest form of a fraction. 
● Compare and order simple fractions.

Length
● Estimate and measure lengths in meters and centimeters.
● Recognize kilometers as units of length. 
● Convert between meters and centimeters, kilometers and meters. 
● Estimate and measure in yards, feet and inches 
● Convert between yards and feet. 
● Recognize miles as a unit of measurement. 
● Convert between yards and feet, feet and inches. 
● Add and subtract lengths in yards and feet, feet and inches and in miles

Area and Perimeter
● Find the area of figures in square units. 
● Understand that figures with different shapes can have the same area. 
● Find the area of figures in square centimeters, inches, meters, feet and yards. 
● Compare relative areas in square centimeters, inches, meters, feet and yards.. 
● Find the perimeter of a figure given the lengths of the sides

Geometry
● Identify angles 
● Relate the size of a angle to the degree of turning
● Count the angles in polygonal shapes 
● Classify angles as less than, equal to, or greater than a right angle

Time
● Read and write time to 1 minute. 
● Find the duration of a time interval. 
● Solve word problems involving time intervals. 
● Convert between hours and minutes. minutes and seconds, years and months, weeks and days. 
● Add and subtract time in hours and minutes. 
● Measure time in seconds

Money
● Count sets of bills and coins.
● Recognize, read, and write decimal notation for money.
● Add and subtract money within $100. 
● Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of money

Science
Scientific Investigation, Reasoning, and Logic
● Students will use the scientific method to formulate, create, collect, and analyze data
● Students will plan and conduct investigations in which predictions and observations are made; questions are developed to formulate hypotheses; and data are gathered, charted, and graphed Living Systems
● Students will investigate and understand the natural processes and human interactions that affect water quality
● Students will investigate how humans affect water quality
● Students will describe the features of a watershed
● Students will identify living insects, worms, mollusks, and crustaceans in a stream
● Students will monitor and analyze water using field equipment and technology

Interrelationships in Earth and Space Systems
● Students will investigate and understand the organization of the solar system and the 
relationships among the various bodies that comprise it including the Sun, Moon, Earth, and other planets
● Students will investigate the role of gravitational forces on the Earth and Moon
● Students will identify common constellations and their historical and mythological connections

Earth Patterns, Cycles, and Change
● Students will investigate and understand patterns of natural events (day and night, seasonal changes, phases of the Moon)
● Students will investigate and understand the relationships among the Earth, Moon, and Sun, including their motions and the relationship between the Earth’s tilt and its seasons
● Students will investigate and understand how weather conditions and phenomena occur and can be predicted
● Students will investigate measuring the weather and meteorological tools (air pressure – barometer, wind speed –anemometer, rainfall – rain gauge, and temperature – thermometer).
● Students will investigate weather phenomena (fronts and air masses)

Matter
● Students will investigate and understand that objects are made of materials that can be described by their physical and chemical properties
● Students will investigate acids, bases, and mixtures 
● Students will investigate and explain that different materials, when combined, produce different results 

Force, Motion, and Energy
● Students will investigate and construct models of simple machines including levers, screws, 
pulleys, wheels and axles, inclined planes, and wedges and describe how they function

Social Studies

History

  • Discuss the theory of the Bering land bridge that once connected Asia to North America as a route of migration.
  • Examine the Inuit people and how they migrated to North America
  • Explore how America’s first settlers divided into many groups and spread throughout North and South America.
  • Classify the accomplishments and way of life of many of the major Native American groups by region.
  • Identify European explorers and areas discovered during the Age of Exploration
  • Identify reasons for the struggle between Native Americans and European Americans and understand how the relations between European explorers and Native Americans affected future settlers in the New World.
  • Discuss significant events in American History as they pertain to particular states.

Geography

  • Utilize map skills to interpret and create different types of maps.
  • Understand the basics of using a compass
  • Recognize the differences among continents, countries, states and cities
  • Identify the United States’ different regions and the states that comprise them.
  • Identify major mountain ranges, rivers and lakes of the United States.
  • Identify the capital cities of each U.S. state.
  • Make connections between the geography and culture of each U.S. region.

Economics

  • Explain how society uses natural and human and capital resources in the production of goods and services and how this differs in each U.S. state.
  • Recognize that because people and regions cannot produce everything they want, they specialize in what they do best and trade for the rest.

Civics

  • Recognize that Americans are a people of diverse ethnic origins, customs, and traditions, who are united by the basic principles of respect for individual rights and freedoms

French

  • Review and expand the vocabulary learned in second grade such as such as numbers, colors, greetings, family members, animals, food and drinks, parts of the body, feelings, the weather, the days of the week, the months, the seasons, clothes, school items, games, house, toys and verbs ,the French alphabet, table setting vocabulary,  adjectives, hobbies, sports and activities, expressions of courtesy (using Vous), numbers 0­79/Counting with euros, vocabulary for going shopping 
  • The students will learn vocabulary for food and drinks (meals), The rooms and places in the school,  clothes and accessories /travel, verbs (infinitive and conjugated with singular pronouns), sports and favorite games, musical instruments (Verb Jouer) , physical descriptions of people 
  • The students will recognize and follow classroom commands in French. 
  • The students will communicate with correct pronunciation 
  • The students will be able to create a story with acquired vocabulary and structure. 
  • The students will be able to ask permission to go to the bathroom or get a drink.  
  • The students will be able to ask and answer simple questions in French about each vocabulary topic. 
  • The students will be able to read the songs that they learn in class, the booklets that they write, and their individual descriptions of the world around them.  
  • The students will use correct noun and adjective agreement. 
  • The students will use verb Etre and Avoir in context. 
  • The students will use possessive adjectives ton, ta, tes, son, sa, ses in context. 
  • The students will use simple regular­er verbs in the infinitive form in context with singular subject pronouns. 
  • The students will use simple regular­er verbs in the present tense with singular subject  pronouns.
  • The students will write pen pal letters using acquired vocabulary and structures 
  • The students will be able to ask wishes using Qu’est­ce que tu aimes manger, boire, porter?(What do you like to eat, drink, wear?) Qu’est­ce que tu veux? (What do you want?)when talking to their peers or pen pals 
  • The students will recognize basic cultural traditions such as holidays, songs, games, sports, food and other activities from the francophone world.
  • The students will celebrate French holidays throughout the year.

Spanish
The student will continue to develop previously learned vocabulary such as numbers,colors, greetings, family members, animals, parts of the body, feelings, weather, days of the week, months of the year, seasons, clothes, school supplies and classroom objects, Spanish alphabet, house, table setting,  adjectives, sports and activities, expressions of courtesy, numbers to 100, telling time, and animals.

  • The student will learn vocabulary for food and drink, places in the school and subjects of  study, extreme weather conditions, commonly used verbs, physical descriptions of people, rain forest animals, and geography of Hispanic countries.
  • The student will recognize and follow classroom commands in Spanish.
  • The student will communicate with correct pronunciation.
  • The student will be able to ask permission to go to the bathroom or get a drink.
  • The student will use correct noun and adjective agreement.
  • The student will be able to ask and answer simple questions in Spanish about each vocabulary topic.
  • The student will be able to write a paragraph using acquired vocabulary and correct sentence structure.
  • The student will be able to read a chapter book in Spanish.
  • The student will be able to conjugate commonly used verbs.
  • The student will write pen pal letters using acquired vocabulary and correct sentence structure.
  • The student will recognize basic cultural traditions such as holidays, songs, games, sports, food and other activities from the Hispanic world.
  • The student will celebrate Spanish holidays throughout the year.

Art
Creating: Generate and conceptualize artistic ideas and work.

  • The student will identify innovative solutions used by artists to solve visual problems.  
  • The student will use various art processes and techniques to produce works of art. 
  • The student will identify and use: tints and shades, value, warm and cool colors; positive and negative space; balance, symmetry, and asymmetry; pattern making through repetition 
  • The student will create the illusion of depth on a 2D surface using overlapping, size variation, and placement in the picture plane. 
  • The student will identify and use foreground, middle ground, and background in 2D. 
  • The student will create a work of art in clay reflecting Native American Pottery, using bas­relief sculpture. 
  • The student will create a work of art in clay using the coil method. 
  • The student will create repeating patterns using flip and rotation.

Presenting: Select, Analyze, and interpret art for presentation.

  • The student will use sketches and take notes to document thought processes with creating works of art.  
  • The students will demonstrate an understanding of symbolic meanings by incorporating symbols in a work of art. 
  • The student will discuss how history, culture, and the visual arts influence each other. 
  • The student will identify works of art that reflect times, places and cultures. 
  • The student will discuss why works of art have been interpreted in different ways throughout history. 
  • The student will describe the problem-­solving process involved in producing personal works of art using appropriate art  vocabulary. 
  • The student will discuss the difference between art and artifacts using appropriate art vocabulary. 
  • The student will categorize works of art by subject matter­ portrait, landscape, still life, narrative. 

Responding: Perceive and analyse artistic work

  • The student will categorize works of art by subject matter­ portrait, landscape, still life, narrative. 
  • The student will discuss how criteria used to value art vary from one culture to another. 
  • The student will examine the relationship between beauty and function in a culture’s artifacts. 
  • The student will develop and describe personal reasons for valuing works of art. 

Connecting: Synthesize and relate knowledge and personal experiences to make art.

  • The student will develop and research art ideas from alternative sources, including prints (visuals), stories, and technology. 
  • The student will use sketches and take notes to document thought processes with creating works of art. 
  • The student will create a work of art incorporating written language and visual interpretation.

Music

The objectives in 3rd Grade Music class is for students to:

  • Show enjoyment
  • Move/dance musically
  • Sing freely
  • Show appropriate sense of musical “time” 
  • Participate fully in performance activities 
  • Learn Treble Clef for Beginning Recorder 
  • Learn simple rhythms

Physical Education

  • Personal responsibility and feedback
  • Rules and safety
  • Movement concepts 
  1. Space, Pathways, Shapes and Levels
  2. Speed, Directions, and Force 
  3. Chase, flee, and move away from others in a constantly changing environment. 
  • Muscular Strength/Endurance 
  • Flexibility
  • Muscular Strength/Endurance 
  • Manipulative skills
  1. Basic Gymnastics Skills 
  2. Catching and Throwing in Game Situation 
  3. Prerequisite Sports Skills for Group and Individual Sports
  • Fitness knowledge

Self-Responsibility

  1. Set a personal goal to improve a motor skill and work toward that goal in non-school time. 
  2. List the benefits of following and the risks of not following safety procedures and rules associated with physical activity.

Social Interaction

  1. Demonstrate respect for individual differences in physical abilities. 
  2. Use appropriate cues for movement and positive words of encouragement in physical activities.

Group Dynamics Group Dynamics

  1. Work in pairs or small groups to achieve an agreed-upon goal.

Grade 4

Language Arts
Oral Language

The student will use effective oral communication skills in a variety of settings

  • Resolve conflict 
  • Develop an argument to support a point of view 
  • Engage in a dialogue about ethics and moral issues and appropriately share personal values 
  • To share information in front of a group 

Word Study

The student will continue to develop skills to determine pronunciation and meanings of unfamiliar words in reading material.

  • Apply word study skills already learned 
  • Use correct spelling for frequently‐used words 
  • Use context to clarify meanings of unfamiliar words 
  • Explain words with multiple meanings 
  • Use knowledge of word origins and structure; synonyms, antonyms, and homonyms; apposition; and multiple meanings of words
  • Use word‐reference materials, including the glossary, dictionary, and thesaurus, from texts, software, and online resources

The student will develop a vocabulary using words garnered from reading material in class and other teacher‐created lists.

  • Develop definitions without the use of a dictionary 
  • Draw pictures that represent the words 
  • Write antonyms and synonyms 
  • Make personal connections with each word, as well as write sentences 
  • Determine missing words from sentences 
  • Practice vocabulary using analogies 
  • Apply word knowledge and mechanics rules to complete “sentence stems” 
  • Differentiate and incorporate into writing literal and figurative meanings of words

Reading

The student will read fiction and nonfiction with fluency and accuracy 

  • Use context clues to clarify meaning of unfamiliar words 
  • Use knowledge of root words, prefixes, homophones and suffixes 
  • Develop vocabulary by listening to and reading a variety of texts 
  • Use dictionary, glossary, thesaurus, and other word‐reference materials

The student will read and demonstrate comprehension of fiction

  • Distinguish the various fictional literary genres 
  • Describe character development and change 
  • Make, confirm and revise predictions while reading 
  • Identify main idea and supporting details 
  • Identify the author’s purpose and the story’s theme 
  • Describe the development of plot and explain how conflicts are resolved 
  • Explore various forms of  poetry 
  • Describe how an author’s choice of vocabulary and style contributes to the quality and enjoyment of selections

The student will read and demonstrate comprehension of nonfiction

  • Use text organizers, such as type, headings, and graphics, to predict and categorize information
  • Identify structural patterns found in nonfiction
  • locate information to support opinions, predictions, and conclusions 
  • Skim materials to develop a general overview of content and to locate specific information 
  • Identify new information gained from reading

The student will apply knowledge of reading comprehension strategies and skills

  • Set reading goals by browsing the text and recalling prior information and experiences 
  • Connect reading to personal experiences, other texts, or information about the world 
  • Visualize what is happening in the text, relying less on pictures 
  • Ask questions about the text and seek answers 
  • Monitor and adjust reading speed for meaning 
  • Monitor and clarify parts of text that hinder comprehension 
  • Summarize to check understanding of material read 
  • Recognize first‐, second‐, and third‐person points of view 
  • Identify and properly sequence main events 
  • Distinguish between cause and effect 
  • Explain fact and opinion differences in all reading genres 
  • Understand details to develop a main idea 
  • Compare and contrast between books
  • Understand implied ideas or inferences 
  • Identify and explain literal and figurative meanings of words and phrases 
  • Begin to identify and explain idioms
  • The student will demonstrate comprehension of information from a variety of print resources 
  • Develop notes that include important concepts, summaries, and identification of information sources 
  • Organize information on charts, maps, and graphs

Writing

The student will write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly

  • Introduce a topic clearly 
  • Organize related information in paragraphs and sections 
  • Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic
  • Apply subject specific vocabulary to explain topic 
  • Use linking phrases as transitions between sentences and topics 
  • Create a conclusion that is related to the information presented in the writing piece 
  • The student will write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences 
  • Orient the reader by establishing a situation and introducing a narrator and/or characters;  organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally 
  • Use dialogue and description to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations 
  • Use a variety of transitional words and phrases to manage the sequence of events 
  • Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely 
  • Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events 
  • The student will identify and use correctly in written and spoken language the parts of speech 
  • Identify nouns, including common and proper, and write them correctly in sentences, observe spelling rules for more advanced singular, plural, and possessive nouns 
  • Hone the skill of using exact nouns and appositives in written work 
  • Master the identification and spelling of action, main, and helping verbs (and verb phrases), along with their correct tenses 
  • Write the past tense of more advanced irregular verbs, ensure agreement with forms of the verb be and have, and form contractions with not
  • Define adjectives, proper adjectives, and locate the nouns they describe 
  • Master the use of the articles a, an, and the, forms of the words good and bad 
  • Use the correct form of the adjective when comparing two or more persons, places, or things 
  • Demonstrate elaborating on details in writing by using adjectives 
  • Master the use of subject, object, and possessive pronouns, as well as I and me, pronoun contractions, and pronoun homophones 
  • Define adverbs and the verbs they describe 
  • Use the correct form of the adverb when comparing actions 
  • Demonstrate elaborating on details in writing by using adverbs that modify adjectives and adverbs, in addition to verbs 
  • Master identification of prepositions, prepositional phrases, and objects of prepositions in sentences 
  • Use interjections in writing 
  • The student will understand and correctly use the mechanics of capitalization and punctuation 
  • Master rules of capitalization to proper nouns, applicable abbreviations (including two‐letter state abbreviations), titles, addresses, months, and days 
  • Use commas to combine sentences with phrases 
  • Write with properly punctuated quotations 
  • Proofread and attempt to edit sentences, paragraphs, and peers’ writing 

The student will understand parts of a sentence

  • Distinguish among complete sentences, fragments, and run‐ons 
  • Recognize, write, and properly punctuate statements, questions, commands and exclamatory sentences 
  • Use conjunctions to master the construction of simple and compound sentences. 
  • Begin to construct complex sentences 
  • Rely less on teacher prompting for varied sentence structure in writing

Math
Place Value and Number Sense

  • Read and write numbers within 100,000 
  • Interpret 5‐digit numbers in terms of place value 
  • Compare and order numbers within 100,000 
  • Round off numbers to the nearest 10 or 100 
  • Use estimation in addition and subtraction 
  • Find factors of a whole number up to 100 
  • Find multiples of a 1‐digit number 
  • Find common factors and multiples

Addition and Subtraction

● Understand the terms sum and difference

● Solve 1‐step and 2‐step word problems involving addition and subtraction

● Use the part‐whole and comparison models to represent word problems

● Add and subtract numbers up to 10,000 using the formal algorithm 

● Review strategies for adding and subtracting 2‐digit numbers mentally

● Learn strategies for mentally adding a 2‐digit number close to a 10 or 100 

● Review mental math strategies for making 100 and making 1000

Multiplication and Division

● Multiply a 4‐digit number by a 1‐digit and 2‐digit number

● Divide a 4‐digit number by a 1‐digit number, and by 10

● Use estimation in multiplication and division

● Solve word problems of up to 3 steps

Decimals

● Read and write decimal numbers of up to 3 places

● Locate decimals on a number line

● Compare and order decimals and simple fractions

● Relate money in dollars and cents to decimals

● Convert a decimal number to a fraction

● Convert a fraction with a denominator that is a factor of 100 to a decimal 

● Add and subtract tenths and hundredths 

● Round the decimal numbers to the nearest whole number or tenth 

● Multiply or divide 1‐place and 2‐place decimals by a 1‐digit whole number 

● Estimate the sum, difference, product or quotient in problems involving decimals 

● Round the quotient to one decimal place 

● Solve word problems involving the four operations on decimals

Fractions

● Add or subtract like and related fractions 

● Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions 

● Convert between mixed numbers and improper fractions 

● Add and subtract fractions involving mixed numbers and improper fractions 

● Find fractions of a set 

● Multiply fractions by a whole number 

● Determine the whole from the value of a fractional part of the whole 

● Solve two‐step word problems involving fractions of a set

Measurement

● Review conversions of measurements 

● Review expressing measurements in compound units 

● Review addition and subtraction of compound units 

● Multiply and divide compound units by 1‐digit whole numbers 

● Solve word problems involving measurement

Area and Perimeter

● Find one dimension of a rectangle when given its perimeter and the other dimension 

● Find one dimension of a rectangle when given its area and the other dimension

● Find the perimeter and the area of composite figures made of rectangles and/or squares

Geometry

● Estimate and measure angles 

● Recognize angles of 90, 180, 270 and 360 degrees 

● Construct angles 

● Find unknown complementary or supplementary angles  

● Identify and construct perpendicular and parallel lines

Science
Scientific Investigation, Reasoning, and Logic

● Students will use the scientific method to conduct experiments. In doing so, they will make 

observations, develop questions, formulate hypotheses, plan and perform tests, record and analyze their data, and finally draw conclusions based on the data

Living Systems/Life Processes

● Students will investigate and understand the Theory of Evolution

Interrelationships in Earth/Space Systems

● Students will investigate the greenhouse effect and climate change

Earth Patterns, Cycles, and Change

● Students will investigate and understand how the Earth’s surface is constantly changing due to wind, water, and ice

● Students will investigate the properties and uses of various natural resources, including soil, rocks, minerals, and fossil fuels

● Students will investigate the rock cycle including identification of rock types

● Students will investigate Earth’s history and fossil evidence

● Students will identify the basic structure of the Earth’s interior 

Matter

● Students will use the metric system to find length, mass, and volume of matter, and they’ll 

describe matter by other properties as well

● Students will investigate and understand that all matter is made up of atoms

● Students will understand that atoms are made up of electrons, protons, and neutrons

● Students will investigate how elements are represented by chemical symbols, and how compounds are represented by chemical formulas

● Students will investigate physical changes and how matter can change state when heat energy is gained or lost

● Students will understand that two or more atoms may be chemically combined, atoms in compounds can separate from each other, and, as a result, these chemical changes lead to new types of matter being formed

Force, Motion, and Energy

● Students will investigate magnetism (attract/repel, poles, magnetic fields), the atomic structure 

of ferromagnetic and non‐ferromagnetic materials, and how the Earth is a magnet

● Student will investigate and understand the characteristics of electricity including static electricity, conductors and insulators, and circuits (series & parallel); how mechanical and chemical energy can be transformed into electrical energy; electromagnetism; and electrical safety

Environmental Awareness

● Students will investigate and understand management of renewable and nonrenewable resources

Social Studies

History

  • Describe the history and development of American Indians in Virginia and explain the influence of archeology on current records and as a means of learning about the past
  • Explain how the Virginia Colony was settled and give reasons for its failures and successes
  • Identify Revolutionary leaders and list events that led Virginia to participate in the American Revolution
  • Understand the issues of states’ rights and slavery in the years before, during, and after the Civil War
  • Trace the history of Virginia in the 20th century
  • Research individuals who made outstanding contributions to Virginia’s history

Geography

  • Identify Virginia’s physical geographical features and explain how they influence people’s lives past and present
  • Apply their map and globe skills to understand and solve potential problems

Economics

  • Identify the imports and exports of early Virginia that contributed to the growth of its economy
  • Explain how advances in transportation, communication, and technology have contributed to Virginia’s role in the global economy

Civics

  • Describe the process by which a government was established in 17th century Virginia.
  • Understand how Virginia’s colonial government influenced the structure of the national government

Spanish
The student will continue to develop previously learned vocabulary such as numbers, colors, greetings, family members, animals, parts of the body, feelings, weather, days of the week, months of the year, seasons, clothes, school and classes, Spanish alphabet, house, table setting, 
adjectives and physical descriptions, commonly used verbs, sports and activities, expressions of courtesy, numbers to 100, telling time, animals, food and drink, and geography of Hispanic countries.

  • The student will learn vocabulary for giving directions, writing the date, telling time to the minute, numbers to 1000, saying what you like, pastimes, and places around town. 
  • The student will recognize and follow classroom commands in Spanish.
  • The student will communicate with correct pronunciation. 
  • The student will be able to ask permission to go to the bathroom or get a drink. 
  • The student will use correct noun and adjective agreement. 
  • The student will be able to ask and answer questions in Spanish about each vocabulary topic. 
  • The student will be able to write a paragraph using acquired vocabulary and correct sentence structure. 
  • The student will read a chapter book in Spanish and answer comprehension questions about what was read. 
  • The student will conjugate –ar, ­er, and ­ir verbs in the present tense. 
  • The student will be able to conjugate some irregular verbs. 
  • The student will be able to use the verbs ser and estar correctly. 
  • The student will write pen pal letters using acquired vocabulary and correct sentence structure. 
  • The student will recognize basic cultural traditions such as holidays, songs, games, sports, food and other activities from the Hispanic world. 
  • The student will celebrate Spanish holidays throughout the year.

Art
Creating: Generate and conceptualize artistic ideas and work.

  • The student will generate ideas for works of art through discussion.  
  • The student will use sketches and take notes to document thought processes with creating works of art.  
  • The student will create a work of art that uses themes, ideas, imagery, and art forms from the past.  
  • The student will identify and use the characteristics of color, including hue, tint, and shade.  
  • The student will identify and use variety, repetition, and unity in a work of art.  
  • The student will identify and use a variety of lines in a work of art: (Vertical, horizontal, diagonal, curved, straight, angular, interrupted, thick thin parallel, zigzag, bent, spiral, crosshatched, and contour line)
  • The student will describe and use clay hand‐building techniques, including coiling. 
  • The student will identify positive and negative space in works of art. 
  • The students will use contour drawing and spatial awareness to create a still life. 
  • The student will use gesture drawings to create human figures. 
  • The student will carve a printing block and create a series of block prints. 
  • The student will use a ruler as a straight edge and measuring tool. 
  • The student will solve design problems using color relationships selected from the color wheel.

Presenting: Select, Analyze, and interpret art for presentation.

  • Analyze how past, present, and emerging technologies have impacted the presentation of artwork. 
  • Develop a collection of artwork and design how it could be displayed.

Responding: Perceive and analyse artistic work

  • The student will categorize works of art by subject matter, including portrait, landscape, still life. 
  • The student will discuss how personal beliefs and experience influence responses to works of art. 
  • The student will formulate questions about work of art from past or present cultures 
  • The student will select a preferred work of art from among others and defend choice using appropriate art vocabulary. 
  • The student will support the selection of a work of art using appropriate art vocabulary. 
  • The student will categorize works of art by subject matter, including portrait, landscape, still life.

Connecting: Synthesize and relate knowledge and personal experiences to make art. 

  • The student will create a work of art that uses themes, ideas, imagery, and art forms from the past. 
  • The student will discuss how personal beliefs and experience influence responses to works of art. 
  • The student will formulate questions about work of art from past or present cultures: 
  1. Where did it originate? 
  2. Why was it made? 
  3. Who made it? 
  4. What is its function?

Music
The objectives in 4th Grade Music class are for students to:

  • Listen responsively
  • Show enjoyment 
  • Move/dance musically 
  • Sing freely 
  • Show appropriate sense of musical “time” 
  • Participate fully in performance activities 
  • Listen to other musicians in the ensemble and play responsively 
  • Use singing voice in a healthy and appropriate manner 
  • Maintain steady beat while singing, moving, playing instruments 
  • Reproduce simple melodies, including proper pitches and rhythmic patterns, by ear 
  • Perform melodies, basslines, color parts and rhythm parts as a part of the ensemble 
  • Learn more notes in the Treble Clef (extended from the staff)

Physical Education

  • Personal responsibility and feedback 
  • Rules and safety 
  • Movement concepts
  1. Space, Pathways, Shapes and Levels with Sports Skills 
  2. Speed, Directions, and Force 
  3. Chase, flee, and move away from others in a constantly changing environment. 
  4. Overhand throw and catch an object with a partner while both partners are moving. 
  5. Catch a fly ball above the head, below the waist, and away from the body. 
  6. Kick a ball to a moving partner, using the inside of the foot. 
  7. Punt 
  8. Strike, with a paddle or racket, a lightweight object that has been tossed by a partner. 
  9. Strike a gently tossed ball with a bat, using a side orientation. 
  10. Keep a foot-dribbled ball away from a defensive partner. 
  11. Manipulate an object by using a long-handled implement. 
  12. Volley
  • Muscular Strength/Endurance  
  1. Flexibility 
  2. Muscular Strength/Endurance 
  3. Manipulative skills 
  4. Basic Gymnastics Skills 
  5. Catching and Throwing in Game Situation 
  6. Striking 
  7. Using Both Side of Body for Sports Skills(kicking, throwing, catching) 
  8. Prerequisite Sports Skills for Group and Individual Sports
  • Fitness knowledge 
  • Self-Responsibility
  1. Set a personal goal to improve an area of health-related physical fitness and work toward that goal in non-school time. 
  2. Accept responsibility for one’s own performance without blaming others. 
  3. Respond to winning and losing with dignity and respect.
  • Social Interaction 
  1. Include others in physical activities and respect individual differences in skill and motivation.
  • Group Dynamics Group Dynamics 
  1. Accept an opponent’s outstanding skill, use of strategies, or ability to work effectively with teammates as a challenge in physical activities.

Grade 5

Language Arts
Oral Language

  • The student will make planned oral presentations

                - Speak to suit purpose and audience
                - Give a book-talk on a novel read independently each trimester

  • The student will listen critically and express opinions in class discussions

                - Distinguish between fact and fiction
                - Present a convincing argument
                - Provide details to support statements
                - Paraphrase and summarize what is heard as a listener
Reading

  • The student uses reading strategies and can cite specific textual evidence to support conclusions

                - Establish own purpose for reading
                - Choose appropriate independent reading book
                - Identify main problem in a book 
                - Make connections (relates to other text, self, world) 
                - Recognize and explain characteristics of different genres
                - Recognize and chart elements of literature (plot, character, setting)
                - Use strategies to grow ideas about characters
                - Monitor comprehension
                - Develop notes that identify important concepts and generate summaries 
                - Make predictions 
                - Clarify an understanding of texts by creating logical notes
                - Read aloud text fluently and accurately, with appropriate pacing, intonation, and expression
                - Draw from background/prior knowledge
                - Identify and use context clues
                - Make logical inferences
                - Recognize and interpret figurative language
                - Read closely to determine text’s meaning
                - Identify types of conflicts in a book 
                - Identify point of view (1st person, 2nd person, 3rd person)
                - Reference a specific event in the text using direct or indirect quotation
Writing 

  • The student develops and strengthens writing by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach

                - Choose a topic
                - Brainstorm to extend idea (Write Off the Page W-O-P)
                - Use end-punctuation correctly 
                - Apply rules of capitalization 
                - Use commas and apostrophes correctly
                - Use correct dialogue grammar
                - Use descriptive verbs rather than linking or identified “weak” verbs
                - Replace general nouns with specific, sharper nouns
                - Spell accurately and capitalize proper nouns
                - Write in complete sentences (simple, compound, complex) 
                - Use consistent verb tense 
                - Use consistent point of view 
                - Choose meaningful title
                - Self-assess by adding, deleting, or rearrange information
                - Use a line or paragraph structure of natural breaks and transitions to move the reader along 

  • The student communicates creatively using effective techniques, descriptive details, and clear sequences

                - Write about a specific observable person, object, place, or experience (Pebble)
                - Create voice through first person observations (Power of I)
                - Identify piece's meaning, message, or purpose (So what?)
                - Develop a meaningful title where first, last, and important words capitalized
                - Select strong verbs and nouns 
                - Use two or more examples of figurative language (simile, metaphor, personification)
                - Analyze impact of line breaks and stanzas
                - Directly address the subject (you) as a first person (I)
                - Exaggerate appropriately 
                - Write concisely and make every word matter (Cut to the bone) 
                - Use three or more examples of figurative language (simile, metaphor, personification,)
                - Select line breaks and stanzas thoughtfully
                - Begin and end piece in strong and purposeful way 
                - Reveal thoughts and feelings and convey emotion
                - Prewrite to explore topic and organize information
                - Choose effective introductory technique 
                - Describe setting
                - Develop character 
                - Include internal and external conflict
                - Use details to encourage inference
                - Develop a resolution
                - End piece in strong and purposeful way
                - Create a believable and logical plot line
                - Use dialogue and narration together

  • The student communicates ideas and information in an organized way

                - Write expository composition that follows an appropriate organizational pattern.
                - Introduce and conclude topic strongly
                - Include details to support each subtopic
                - Develop thesis statement that introduces argument  
                - Use a paragraph structure of natural breaks and transitions to move the reader along
                - Write in one point of view
                - Develop strong conclusion that revisits thesis
                - Use a variety of complete sentences (simple, compound, complex)
                - Give a complete answer to comprehension questions
                - Repeat key words from the question
                - Include specific evidence clearly stated
Vocabulary

  • The student determines the meaning of vocabulary specific to literature and cumulative word sets

                - Use context clues to clarify meaning of unfamiliar words
                - Use dictionary, glossary, thesaurus, and other word-reference materials
                - Identify synonyms, antonyms and related words within a word set
                - Use the words in context in original creative writing
                - Identify analogies
Grammar

  • The student will edit writing for correct grammar, capitalization, punctuation, spelling, sentence structure, and paragraphing

                - Use end-punctuation correctly
                - Apply rules of capitalization 
                - Use strong, descriptive verbs rather than linking or identified “weak” verbs
                - Use consistent verb tense
                - Replace general nouns with specific, sharper nouns
                - Use descriptive adjectives
                - Identify and apply rules of comma usage
                - Use apostrophes accurately
                - Use correct dialogue grammar
                - Identify elements of simple, compound, and complex sentences
                - Write in complete sentences (simple, compound, complex) 
                - Use a paragraph structure of natural breaks and transitions to move the reader along 
                - Spell accurately 

Mathematics
The student will:

  • Explore whole number, including       

              -  determining place values
              -  approximating, estimating
              -  multiplying and dividing by base ten numbers
              -  following order of operations

  • Practice multiplying and dividing whole numbers
  • Explore fractions, including                                     

               -  practicing adding and subtracting involving fractions, mixed numbers, whole numbers, like and unlike denominators
                - practicing multiplying and dividing involving fractions, whole numbers

  • Recall and apply strategies for finding perimeter of rectangle, squares, and composite figures
  • Explore the connection between the rectangle and triangle

                - finding the relationship between the area of a rectangle and triangle
                - discovering the formula for area of triangle

  • Explore the concept of ratio as a relationship between two quantities; involving

                - finding ratio
                - equivalent ratios
                - comparing up to three quantities

  • Explore properties of angles, including

                 - measuring angles
                 - finding unknown angles, including
                          1) angles around a point and angles on a straight line
                          2) right angles
                          3) opposite and equal angles

  • Explore the concept of decimals, including

                   - approximate and estimate decimals
                   - multiply and divide by base ten numbers
                   - multiply decimals and whole numbers
                   - converting various measurements

  • Explore percentage, including

                   - the concept of a percent as a ratio out of 100
                   - manipulating fractions, decimals and percents
                   - finding a percent of a quantity

  • Explore the concept of average
  • Explore the concept of rate

                   -find the rate of two linked quantities

  • Explore graphs as a visual representation of data

                   -read and interpret line graphs

  • Explore the various characteristics and properties of a triangle

                   - identify right, isosceles and equilateral triangle
                   - apply the properties of a triangle, including
                            1) sum of the angles of a triangle is 180 degrees
                            2) exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the opposite interior angles
                   - apply the properties of a right triangle, including
                            1) sum of the angles opposite the right angle of a right triangle is 90 degrees
                   - explore the specific characteristics of isosceles and equilateral triangles
                   - apply the properties of isosceles and equilateral triangles, including
                            1) base angles of an isosceles triangle are equal
                            2) angles of equilateral triangle are 60 degrees

  • Explore four-sided figures

                   - identify parallelograms, rhombuses, and trapezoids
                   - recognize that rhombuses, rectangles and squares fit into the broader category of parallelograms
                   - explore properties of parallelograms and trapezoids

Science

  • The student will evaluate systems and standards of measurement and will be able to:

                   - Understand types of quantities that are measured (length, mass, volume, temperature, time)
                   - Comprehend the metric system and discover why SI units are critical for communication worldwide
                   - Convert from one metric unit to another
                   - Select and use appropriate tools for measuring objects in the environment

  • The student will plan and conduct investigations in which they:

                   - Identify a problem/question and propose a testable hypothesis based on direct observations
                   - Design an experiment with identifiable dependent and independent variables, constants and control
                   - Choose appropriate laboratory instruments to accurately measure quantitative data using metric units (triple beam and electronic                                    balances, thermometers, metric rulers, graduated cylinders)
                   - Collect, record, analyze and report data using appropriate technologies, graphical representation, and written expression
                   - Construct models and simulations to illustrate and explain phenomena
                   - Use current applications to reinforce scientific concepts

  • The student will become skilled at microscopic observation. Key concepts include:

                   - History and types of microscopes
                   - Parts of the microscope and their function
                   - Determination of magnification
                   - Observation of variety of specimens using compound microscope

  • The student will investigate and understand that all living things are composed of cells. Key concepts include 

                   - Development of cell theory
                   - Cell structure and function of key organelles
                   - Similarities and differences between plant and animal cell

  • The student will investigate and understand that organisms are made up of one or more cells and have distinguishing characteristics. Key                       concepts include:

                   - Characteristics of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
                   - Classification of organisms using physical characteristics, body structures, and behavior of organism
                   - Traits of organisms that allow them to survive in their environment
                   - Interaction between organisms in an ecosystem – producer, consumer, predator/prey, and parasite/host relationship

  • The student will be introduced to the concept of dissection. Key concepts include:

                   - Use of appropriate tools necessary for dissection
                   - Skillful incision and extraction of organs with respect for the organism

  • The student will investigate and understand the characteristics of sound waves. Key concepts include:

                   - Wavelength, frequency, speed, amplitude, rarefaction, and compression
                   - Resonance
                   - Ability of different media (solids, liquids, and gases) to transmit sound
                   - Technological applications of sound

  • The student will investigate and understand the scientific principles of force,  motion, and work. Key concepts include:

                   - Identify types of forces - gravitational, frictional, magnetic
                   - Distinguish between balanced and unbalanced force
                   - Explore the relationship between force, mass, and acceleration
                   - Identify the six simple machines and analyze their role in performing work
                   - Technological applications of work, force, and motion

  •  The student will investigate and understand the characteristics of the ocean environment. Key concepts include:

                   - Geological characteristics – ocean topography
                   - Physical characteristics – depth, salinity, temperature
                   - Ecological characteristics – marine food chain & food web

Social Studies

Geography of the United States

  • Identify key elements of a world map and key geographic terms
  • Use latitude and longitude to determine absolute locations on Earth
  • Label major physical features of the United States
  • Draw and label a map
  • Examine quotations from a primary source
  • Write a journal entry

US Geography with Mystery Skype

  • Communicate effectively with awareness for cultural differences
  • Use key map skills to determine locations on a map
  • Use process of elimination to narrow answers down
  • Collaborate in a team to solve Mystery Skype partner location

Slavery in the Americas

  • Describe life in West Africa in the 1500s and how the slave trade began.
  • Identify the components of triangular trade.
  • Analyze how Africans survived the Middle Passage and responded to life as a slave in the colonies.
  • Communicate written and oral explanations.
  • Make connections between text and visuals.

Manifest Destiny and Settling the West

  • Create an annotated map showing the major U.S. territories acquired in the nation’s westward expansion.
  • Explain why and how the United States acquired key territories, and depict how this affected the people already living in each region.
  • Write a journal entry as a Cherokee leaving his or her homeland for unknown land west of the Mississippi River.

The Causes of the Civil War

  • Identify key events that led to the Civil War.
  • Use an illustrated metaphor to examine events leading to the Civil War.
  • Predict the effect of Uncle Tom’s Cabin on the debate about slavery in the 1850s.
  • Present or watch an act-it-out. (speaking and listening)
  • Write a newspaper editorial. (writing)
  • Examine Civil War events to analyze how geography played an important role.
  • Communicate and link historical ideas and information through summary paragraph essay.

The Civil War

  • Create character collages on figures of soldiers by recording notes on five aspects of the Civil War.
  • Draw conclusions about whether the lives of African Americans in the South improved after the Civil War by charting positive and negative changes experienced by former slaves.
  • Perform an act-it-out of a Union encampment. (speaking and listening)
  • Communicate, collaborate, and think critically while creating a focused Civil War project to share with classmates.
  • Write a correspondence letter about an aspect of the soldier’s experience:
  • Explain what reconstruction refers to in the United States

The American Industrial Revolution

  • Create and analyze line graphs.
  • Evaluate how industrialization changed the United States.
  • Describe cause and effect relationships during an historical era.
  • Analyze and discuss questions, and make predictions before reading.
  • Construct an argument with a claim and evidence.

The Modern United States

  • Create an illustrated timeline depicting seven key historical time periods since the Civil War.
    • The Progressive Movement
    • World War 1
    • The Great Depression
    • World War 2
    • The Cold War
    • The Civil Rights Movement
    • 9/11 and Its Aftermath
    • The Information Age
  • Identify each historical period by matching corresponding visual and summary cards.
  • Evaluate the influence of these historical periods on the present-day United States..
  • Write about an immigrant experience from the point of view of the immigrant.

Experiential Migration Activity with Third Grade

  • Collaborate and communicate with classmates and third graders to reenact Native American migration
  • Construct shelters using creativity, critical thinking, and incorporate content knowledge of shelter methods
  • Learn and use a Native American weaving technique.
  • Reenact a Native American hunting method using archery

French
Listening

  • The student will understand and repeat the French alphabet and numbers
  • The student will respond to formulaic yes/no and informational questions
  • The student will understand and follow directions in French
  • The student will distinguish between similar sounds and will understand intonation patterns
  • The student will comprehend native speakers using grammatical structures and everyday vocabulary normally encountered in France or francophone countries at natural conversational speed
  • The student will distinguish between a statement, command, and question

Speaking

  • The student will carry out conversations about a variety of topics such as telling time, ordering food, inviting someone over, accepting/declining and invitation, describing people's appearance, etc
  • The student will communicate with students from Guadeloupe via Skype to practice their speaking skills
  • The student will order from a menu; be able to discuss food allergies and preferences in French
  • The student will be able to create a story with newly acquired vocabulary and structure
  • The student will be able to ask permission to go to the bathroom or get a drink
  • The student will be able to ask and answer more complex questions in French about newly acquired vocabulary
  • The student will write and perform skits about greeting others, telling the time, talking about the weather, ordering in a restaurant, talking about what you like to do, talking about your schedule, family, pets, etc

Reading

  • The student will be able to read the songs that are learned in class, the stories that are written, and their individual descriptions of the world around them
  • The student will read and understand the cultural and dialogue sections provided in the textbook
  • The student will read the play that he/she writes
  • The student will be able to answer comprehension questions on the reading
  • The student will read aloud with correct pronunciation, intonation, emphasis, and expression
  • The student will read a chapter book and answer questions about the story orally and in writing

Writing

  • The student will write pen pal letters using newly acquired vocabulary and structures

Spanish
Listening

  • The student will understand and repeat the Spanish alphabet and numbers
  • The student will respond to formulaic yes/no and informational questions
  • The student will understand and follow directions in Spanish
  • The student will distinguish between similar sounds and will understand intonation patterns
  • The student will comprehend native speakers using grammatical structures and everyday vocabulary normally encountered in Spanish speaking countries at natural conversational speed
  • The student will distinguish between a statement, command, and question

Speaking

  • The student will carry out conversations about a variety of topics such as telling time, ordering food, inviting someone over, accepting/declining and invitation, describing people's appearance, etc
  • The student will order from a menu; be able to discuss food allergies and preferences in Spanish
  • The student will be able to create a story with newly acquired vocabulary and structure
  • The student will be able to ask permission to go to the bathroom or get a drink
  • The student will be able to ask and answer more complex questions in Spanish about newly acquired vocabulary
  • The student will write and perform skits about greeting others, telling the time, talking about the weather, ordering in a restaurant, talking about what you like to do, talking about your schedule, family, pets, etc

Reading

  • The student will be able to read the songs that are learned in class, the stories that are written, and their individual descriptions of the world around them
  • The student will read and understand the cultural and dialogue sections provided in the textbook
  • The student will read the play that he/she writes
  • The student will be able to answer comprehension questions on the reading
  • The student will read aloud with correct pronunciation, intonation, emphasis, and expression
  • The student will read a chapter book and answer questions about the story orally and in writing

Writing

  • The student will write pen pal letters using newly acquired vocabulary and structures

Art

  • Develop an introductory understanding of the vast multiple mediums and concepts within art.
  • Formulate a non-hierarchical view of media.   
  • Develop an understanding of the arts as a global conversation.
  • Develop an introductory understanding of how time and narration is incorporated into technology integrated arts and artist books.  
  • Synthesize information given in a multiple ways to produce works of art.
  • Use the elements of art; line, shape, form, color, value, texture, and space to express ideas, images, and emotions.
  • Develop ideas for works of art by conducting research and making preliminary sketches.
  • Demonstrate a proficiency for researching an artist or time period and producing a work of art conceptually and aesthetically similar.  
  • Demonstrate an understanding of symbolic meanings by incorporating symbols in a work of art.
  • Express ideas through artistic choices of media, techniques, and subject matter.
  • Use new technology to produce works of art and conduct research.
  • Use three-dimensional art media to create a sculpture that is kinetic and conceptual-based.
  • Develop a unique artistic voice through independent critical thinking and varying processes.  


Music

In Grade 5 Music class, students will:

  • Listen to other musicians in the ensemble and plays responsively 
  • Use singing voice in a healthy and appropriate manner 
  • Maintain steady beat while singing, moving, playing instruments 
  • Reproduce simple melodies, including proper pitches and rhythmic patterns, by ear 
  • Perform melodies, basslines, color parts and rhythm parts as a part of the ensemble 
  • Compose simple, original melodies on Orff instruments 
  • Learn about specific composers from the Western Canon 
  • Learn both fixed and moveable “DO” solfege 
  • Attend a performance of  the Washington Bach Consort

Physical Education
In 5th Grade PE class, students work on developing the following skills:

  • Application of movement concepts to improve loco-motor, non-loco-motor and manipulative skills.
  • How to identify physical activities that promote good health.
  • How to exhibit cooperative, respectful, safe behaviors in physical activity settings.
  • Activities include: hockey, soccer, cooperative games, ultimate Frisbee, volleyball, tennis, swimming, basketball, tumbling, badminton, lacrosse, and fitness tests.

Speech & Drama
Speech Objectives
Listening

  • The student will develop active listening strategies

Verbal Communication

  • The student will the student will Read aloud with fluency
  • The student will use clear, precise, organized language that reflects the conventions of spoken English
  • The student will select and use suitable vocabulary for intended audience

Non-Verbal Communication

  • The student will use effective non-verbal communication skills to maintain audience interest while speaking

Discussion/Debate

  • The student will participate in class discussions appropriately
  • The student will use details, examples, and reasons to support central ideas or clarify a point of view

Oral Presentations

  • The student will develop and deliver a formal presentation based on a central theme, including logical sequence
  • The student will speak in a variety of situations to inform and/or relate experiences
  • The student will prepare, rehearse and deliver a formal presentation to an audience of classmates and/or peers

Broadcast Journalism

  • The student will develop effective skills for communicating through various forms of audio media including voice recording and public address systems
  • The student will develop effective skills in reading from a prompter and speaking to the camera
  • The student will deliver a video news report from script provided by the teacher

Analysis/Critical Response

  • The student will determine a speaker’s purpose, attitude, and perspective
  • The student will understand and use criteria from a rubric to evaluate and improve oral presentations
  • The student will provide constructive feedback to speakers concerning their delivery

Drama Objectives
Performance

  • The student will demonstrate acting skills by presenting a short improvised scene
  • The student will recognize that the whole body is used in acting
  • The student will explore the use of the voice in acting
  •  The student will demonstrate acting skills by portraying him/herself in a variety of improvised scenarios
  • The student will build trust, cooperation, confidence, and develop listening skills through participation in theatre games and team building activities
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of the areas of the stage

Technical Theatre

  • The student will identify and explain introductory technical theatre vocabulary
  • The student will recognize different types of stages

Analysis/Criticism

  • The student will recognize various types of theatrical productions
  • The student will compare and contrast theatre to other performance media
  • The student will understand that a scene has a beginning, middle, and end
  • The student will recognize that theatre is a representation of life
  • The student will express personal reactions to live theatre or related media
  • The student will give oral criticism of performances using appropriate theatre vocabulary
  • The student will demonstrate appropriate performance behavior as a participant and/or audience member

Grade 6

Language Arts
Oral Language

  • The student will make planned oral presentations
    • Speak to suit purpose and audience
    • Give a book-talk on a novel read independently each trimester
  • The student will listen critically and express opinions in class discussions
    • Distinguish between fact and fiction
    • Compare and contrast viewpoints
    • Present a convincing argument
    • Provide details to support statements
    • Paraphrase and summarize what is heard as a listener
    • Ask probing questions to seek elaboration and clarification of ideas

Reading

  • The student uses reading strategies and can cite specific textual evidence to support conclusions
    • Establish own purpose for reading
    • Choose appropriate independent reading book
    • Identify main problem in a book
    • Make connections (relates to other text, self, world)
    • Recognize and explain characteristics of different genres
  • Recognize and chart elements of literature (plot, character, setting) 
  • Understand how setting, character, conflict, theme, and plot development are used in conjunction to support a central storyline
  • Use strategies to grow ideas about characters
  • Monitor comprehension
  • Develop notes that identify important concepts and generate summaries
  • Clarify an understanding of texts by creating logical notes
  • Read aloud text fluently and accurately, with appropriate pacing, intonation, and expression
  • Paraphrase and summarize main points in a text
  • Identify and use context clues
  • Draw from background/prior knowledge
  • Make inferences, draw conclusions, and compare and contrast different readings
  • Recognize and interpret figurative language
  • Read closely to determine text’s meaning
  • Identify types of conflicts in a book 
  • Identify point of view (1st person, 2nd person, 3rd person) 
  • Reference a specific event in the text using direct or indirect quotation
  • Locate information to support opinions, predictions, and conclusions
  • Identify cause-and-effect relationships
  • Analyze poetry for style and meaning

Writing

  • The student develops and strengthens writing by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach 
    • Choose a topic
    • Brainstorm to extend idea (Write Off the Page W-O-P)
    • Apply rules of capitalization
  • Use pronoun-antecedent consistency
  • Use subject-verb agreement with intervening phrases and clauses
  • Use rules governing the use of commas, apostrophes, semicolons and colons
    • Choose adverbs to describe verb, adjectives, and other adverbs
    • Use correct dialogue grammar
    • Use descriptive verbs rather than linking or identified “weak” verbs
    • Replace general nouns with specific, sharper nouns
  • Spell accurately (including homophones) and capitalize proper nouns 
  • Write in complete sentences (simple, compound, complex)
  • Edit for clausal fragments and run-on sentences
  • Use consistent verb tense
  • Use consistent point of view
  • Choose meaningful title
    • Self-assess by adding, deleting, or rearrange information
    • Offer constructive peer feedback
  • Use a line or paragraph structure of natural breaks and transitions to move the reader along
  • The student communicates creatively using effective techniques, descriptive details, and clear sequences
  • Prewrite to explore topic and organize information
  • Generate poetry and prose in a variety of styles
  • Write about a specific observable person, object, place, or experience (Pebble)
  • Create voice through first person observations (Power of I)
  • Identify piece's meaning, message, or purpose (So what?)
  • Develop a meaningful title where first, last, and important words capitalized
  • Select strong verbs and nouns
  • Use vivid details such as sensory descriptions, similes, metaphors, and personifications
  • Analyze impact of line breaks and stanzas
    • Write concisely and make every word matter (Cut to the bone)
    • Select line breaks and stanzas thoughtfully
    • Begin and end piece in strong and purposeful way
    • Reveal thoughts and feelings and convey emotion
  • Create a believable and logical plot line
  • Choose effective introductory technique (dialogue, action, setting, character, etc.)
  • Create and develop a unique setting that plays mind movies in the reader’s head
  • Develop character to include internal and external conflict
  • Use details to encourage inference
  • Develop a resolution (no loose ends)
  • End piece in strong and purposeful way
  • Use dialogue and narration together
  • The student communicates ideas and information in an organized way
    • Use a variety of graphic organizers to plan writing 
    • Write multi-paragraph essays (descriptive, compare/contrast, personal narrative) 
    • Further develop five-paragraph essay writing skills 
    • Write expository composition that follows an appropriate organizational pattern 
    • Introduce and conclude topic strongly 
    • Include details to support each subtopic 
    • Develop a concise thesis that states the topic and subtopics in a way that presents an argument 
    • Use a paragraph structure of natural breaks and transitions to move the reader along 
    • Write in one point of view 
    • Develop strong conclusion that revisits thesis 
    • Use a variety of complete sentences (simple, compound, complex) 
    • Give a complete answer to comprehension questions 
    • Repeat key words from the question 
    • Include specific evidence clearly stated  

Vocabulary

  • The student determines the meaning of vocabulary specific to literature and cumulative word sets
    • Use context clues to clarify meaning of unfamiliar words 
    • Use dictionary, glossary, thesaurus, and other word-reference materials 
    • Identify synonyms, antonyms and related words within a word set 
    • Use the words in context in original creative writing 
    • Create word maps as visual learning aids 
    • Identify logical categories within a word set 
    • Identify and create analogies

Grammar

  • The student will edit writing for correct grammar, capitalization, punctuation, spelling, sentence structure, and paragraphing
    • Use end-punctuation correctly 
    • Apply rules of capitalization  
    • Use strong, descriptive verbs rather than linking or identified “weak” verbs 
    • Use consistent verb tense 
    • Replace general nouns with specific, sharper nouns 
    • Use descriptive adjectives 
    • Identify and apply rules of comma usage 
    • Use apostrophes accurately 
    • Use pronoun-antecedent consistency  
    • Use subject-verb agreement with intervening phrases and clauses 
    • Use correct dialogue grammar 
    • Identify elements of simple, compound, and complex sentences 
    • Use and punctuate correctly varied sentence structures to include conjunctions and transition words 
    • Edit for clausal fragments and run-on sentences 
    • Edit for verb tense consistency 
    • Write in complete sentences (simple, compound, complex)  
    • Use a paragraph structure of natural breaks and transitions to move the reader along  
    • Spell accurately (including homophones)

Math
Students will:

  • Explore the concept of algebraic expressions

               - Use letters to represent unknown numbers
               - Write simple algebraic expressions
               - Evaluate expressions by substitution

  • Explore solid figures

               - Associate two-dimensional drawings with three-dimensional shapes
               - Visualize pyramids, prisms, and cylinders from two-dimensional drawings
               - Identify nets of cubes, cuboids, prisms, and pyramids
                -Identify the solid represented by a net
               - Determine whether a figure can be the net of a given solid
               - Determine whether a solid can be formed from a given net

  • Recall and apply previous knowledge of ratios to the following aspects

               - Compare quantities using ratios
               - Express a ratio in its simplest form
               - Relate ratios to units
               - Relate ratios to a fraction of a quantity
               - Relate proportion to ratios and fractions

  • Recall and apply previous knowledge of percentage to the following aspects

               - Express part of a whole as a fraction or as a percentage
               - Relate percentage to fractions and to decimals
               - Express one quantity as a percentage of another
               - Find the whole or a percentage part when given the value of a percentage part

  • Explore the concept of speed as ratio of distance and time

               - Interpret speed as distance traveled per unit of time
               - Read and write units of speed
               - Find average speed
               - Manipulate the formula for speed to isolate each component

  • Expand understanding of fractions

               - Practice mixed operations which involves all four operations and fractions with and without parenthesis
               - Solve multi-step problems involving fractions

  • Explore the characteristics of a circle, including

               - Identify and measure the radius and diameter of a circle
               - Recognize the relationship between diameter and circumference; find the circumference of a circle
               - Recognize the relationship between radius and area; find the area of a circle
               - Determine the perimeter and area of parts of a circle and composite figures

  • Explore graphs as a visual representation of data

               - Read and interpret circle graphs, using whole numbers, fractions and percents
               - Use given data to create a pie chart

  • Explore the concept of volume, including

               - Find the volume of cubes and cuboids
               - Manipulate the volume formula to isolate each component

  • Expand on the concept of volume, including

               - Find an unknown dimension when given other remaining dimensions
               - Convert the volume of a liquid

  • Expand understanding of triangles and other four sided figures

               - Recall and apply previous knowledge of angles, triangles and quadrilateral
               - Find unknown angles in problems involving triangles and quadrilaterals

  • Solve more challenging word problems involving

                - Whole numbers, decimals, and fractions
                - Ratios and percentages
                - Speed

Science

  • The student will be able to:

                 - Understand types of quantities that are measured (length, mass, volume, temperature, time)
                 - Convert from one metric unit to another
                 - Select and use appropriate tools for measuring objects in the environment
                 - Compare accuracy and precision when analyzing measurement results

  • The student will plan and conduct investigations in which they:

                 - Identify a problem/question and propose a testable hypothesis based on direct observations and research of scientific literature
                 - Design an experiment with identifiable dependent and independent variables, constants, and control
                 - Choose appropriate laboratory instruments to accurately measure quantitative data using metric units
                 - Collect, record, analyze and report data using appropriate technologies, graphical representation, and written expression
                 - Write laboratory reports (hypothesis, procedure, conclusion)
                 - Construct and interpret scales, diagrams, charts, graphs, tables,maps, and imagery 
                 - Construct models and simulations to illustrate and explain phenomena
                 - Use current applications to reinforce scientific concepts

  • The student will investigate and understand the characteristics light and how it behaves. Key concepts include: 

                 - Transverse waves
                 - Electromagnetic Spectrum
                 - Images formed by lenses and mirrors
                 - Refraction of light through water and prisms
                 - Technological applications of light

  • The student will investigate and understand the scientific principles of work, force, and motion. Key concepts include:   

                 - Types of forces - gravitational, frictional, magnetic, applied, normal
                 - Predict the effect of these forces on an object and represent them using free body diagrams
                 - Understand that motion of objects is related to the forces acting on the objects
                 - Explore the relationship between force, mass and acceleration
                 - Newton’s laws of motion and their application to understand how forces affect an object’s motion
                 - Technological applications of work, force, and motion

  • The student will investigate and understand sources of energy, transformations, and uses. Key concepts include:

                 - Potential and kinetic energy
                 - Renewable and non-renewable energy sources
                 - Energy transformations

  • The student will investigate and understand that matter is anything that has mass and occupies space. Key concepts include:

                 - Distinguishing properties of each phase of matter
                 - Effect of temperature on the phases of matter
                 - Atoms and elements
                 - Molecules and compounds

  • The student will investigate and understand that all matter is made up of atoms. Key concepts include:

                - Atoms consist of particles including electrons, protons and neutrons
                - Atoms of a particular element are alike but are different from atoms of other elements
                - Elements maybe represented by chemical symbols
                - Two or more atoms of different elements may combine to form a compound
                - Compounds maybe represented by chemical formulas
                - Describe the structure and properties of elements
                - Recognize the importance of elements and compounds in our lives

  • The student will explore and understand the role of the atmosphere and ocean in Earth’s energy management. Key concepts include:

                - Properties of air and the structure and dynamics of the Earth’s atmosphere
                - How the sun’s energy is transferred and balanced as part of Earth's energy budget.
                - Earth’s natural greenhouse effect its significance to life on the planet
                - Explore how the unequal heating of Earth’s surface and Earth’s rotation result in global winds and ocean surface currents
                - Water as a universal solvent
                - Properties of water in all three phases
                - Action of water in physical and chemical weathering
                - Understand the ability of large bodies of water to store thermal energy and moderate climate
                - Understand how the flow of thermal energy is regulated between the atmosphere and oceans
                - Study and interpret basic information from weather maps including fronts, systems, and basic measurements of temperature, pressure,                             humidity, and dew point

  • The student will investigate and understand public policy decisions relating to the environment. Key concepts include:

                 - Controversy surrounding global climate change
                 - Analysis of natural events and human activities
                 - CO2 levels and global temperature rise
                 - Melting of polar ice caps and rising sea levels
                 - Ozone layer depletion
                 - Cost and benefit associated with alternative energy sources

  • The student will investigate and understand the natural process and human interactions that affect watershed systems. Key concepts include:         - Comprehend and understand the basic terminology related to ecology – ecosystem, population, community, habitat, biotic, and abiotic                           factors, food chain, food web

                 - Discuss the interaction between organisms in an ecosystem – producer, consumer, predator/prey and parasite/host relationship
                 - Nutrient cycling with energy flow through the ecosystem  
                 - Understand an estuary in terms of its abiotic and biotic components
                 - Investigate how pollution degrades an ecosystem
                 - Effects of natural events and human activities on ecosystems with emphasis on the Chesapeake Bay

  • The student will investigate and understand the organization of the solar system and the interactions among the various bodies that comprise it.    Key concepts include: 

                 - Planet distribution and size
                 - Role of gravity
                 - Earth’s rotation and revolution
                 - Moon as Earth’s satellite
                 - History and technology of space exploration
                 - Challenges to living in space

Social Studies

The Tools of Geography

  • Understand the difference between absolute and relative location.
  • Locate major parallels and meridians.
  • Use latitude and longitude to determine absolute location.
  • Measure distance using scale.
  • Identify continents and oceans for a given hemisphere.
  • Understand how Earth-sun relations cause seasons.
  • Understand the relative merits of five map projections (Mercator, Eckert IV, Robinson, Goode’s Homolosine, and Lambert Equal-Area).
  • Design a map with basic map components (title, legend, compass rose, grid system, scale).

A Spatial Way of Thinking

  • Define the terminology specific to six types of thematic maps: physical features, climate zones, vegetation zones, populations density, economic activity, and regions.
  • Outdoor Classroom (Congressional Colts Go):
    • Students map and place questions for each other around the campus and use latitude and longitude coordinates to find locations.
  • Analyze thematic maps to gather information about the world.
  • Collaborative Research Based Project - Interdisciplinary approach incorporating math graphing skills and English thesis-driven essay writing.
    • Find and use thematic maps and infographics that represent and describe at least two world problems. Use those resources and your own graphical data analysis to compare and find possible relationships (correlations) between the problems.

World Geography with Mystery Skype

  • Communicate effectively with awareness for cultural differences
  • Use key map skills to determine locations on a map
  • Use process of elimination to narrow answers down
  • Collaborate in a team to solve Mystery Skype partner location

Consumption Patterns in the United States: The Impact of Living Well and Sustainable Solutions

  • Demonstrate an ability to read and interpret cartograms.
  • Identify current consumption patterns in the United States.
  • Compare U.S. consumption patterns with those of other countries around the world.
  • Evaluate the effects and predict the future impact of growing levels of consumerism. 
  • Conduct research and share global thinking on ways to live well and consume less.
  • Work in small groups to create a more sustainable version of our school community.

Migration to the United States: The Impact on People and Places

  • Understand the primary reasons people emigrate from their country of birth and immigrate to the United States.
  • Identify key ways in which migration impacts the United States, immigrants, and the countries left behind.
  • Learn about other important migration streams around the world.
  • Conduct research about a personal family migration to the United States story. Present the story using whatever medium students choose. Example: Storycorps recording, Google Presentation, Thinglink, iMovie, Prezi, etc.
  • Work collaboratively as a whole and in small groups to design and create a sustainable refugee community that meets short and long term needs of all displaced community members, young and old.

Micro-entrepreneurs: Women’s Role in the Development of Africa

  • Explain challenges faced by women in developing countries in Africa.
  • Describe how African women micro-entrepreneurs have changed the human characteristics of the places where they live and work.
  • Identify where microcredit institutions are most active and explain why the majority of their clients are women.

The Global Sneaker: From Asia to Everywhere

  • Identify the components and steps of manufacturing a global product.
  • Explain the impact of globalization on people and places.
  • Analyze the global efforts needed to design, manufacture, and distribute a particular product.

French
Listening

  • The student will understand and follow directions in French, such as classroom procedures or directions for using iPad and other classroom technology
  • The student will respond to yes/no and informational questions
  • The student will distinguish between similar sounds
  • The student will participate in dictations and be able to write down sentences that are said out loud
  • The student will distinguish between true/false, logical/illogical, and similarly structured statements

Speaking

  • The student will speak in complete sentences with correct pronunciation and intonation
  • The student will use basic greetings, farewells, and expressions of good manners
  • The student will express likes and dislikes requests, descriptions, and guidelines
  • The student will ask and answer questions about familiar topics
  • The student will engage in short conversations and debates
  • The student will express opinions, and describe people, pictures, and situations
  • The student will use correct word order and be able to speak in the present, near past, and near future tenses
  • The student will discuss actions that involve other people and oneself applying the mechanics of the French grammar learned throughout the year

Reading

  • The student will identify key words, cognates and some mechanical expressions when reading
  • The student will read and understand the cultural and dialogue sections in the textbook
  • The student will read a specific French book and respond to comprehension questions
  • The student will read online French news to obtain information such as LesPetitsCitoyens.com, L’actu etc.
  • The student will read standardized messages once vocabulary has been learned, such as signs, schedules, newspaper headlines, advertisements, and menus 
  • The student will use guessing strategies and cognates to interpret unfamiliar vocabulary

Writing

  • The student will demonstrate increasing attention to specific word order, punctuation, accents and other accent marks, and spelling
  • The student will write simple sentences on familiar topics in short paragraph  using correct grammar and tenses
  • The student will recognize the different grammatical parts of speech (noun, adjective, verb, etc.) and be able to form agreement between the various parts of speech (singular/plural, subject/verb, noun adjective, masculine/feminine, etc.)

Culture

  • The student will focus on French geography (cities, rivers, mountains, landmarks, and so forth)
  • The student will familiarize themselves with the Francophone countries from all over the world
  • The student will learn about French comic strip characters, such as Astérix et Obélix and Boule et Bill.
  • The student will celebrate French holidays throughout the school year

Spanish
Listening

  • The student will understand and follow directions in Spanish, such as classroom procedures or directions for using iPad and other classroom technology
  • The student will respond to yes/no and informational questions
  • The student will distinguish between similar sounds
  • The student will participate in dictations and be able to write down sentences that are spoken out loud
  • The student will distinguish between true/false, logical/illogical, and similarly structured statements

Speaking

  • The student will speak in complete sentences with correct pronunciation and intonation
  • The student will use basic greetings, farewells, and expressions of good manners
  • The student will express likes and dislikes requests, descriptions, and guidelines
  • The student will ask and answer questions about familiar topics
  • The student will engage in short conversations and debates
  • The student will express opinions, and describe people, pictures, and situations
  • The student will use correct word order and be able to speak in the present, near past, and near future tenses
  • The student will discuss actions that involve other people and oneself applying the mechanics of the Spanish grammar learned throughout the year

Reading

  • The student will identify key words, cognates and some mechanical expressions when reading
  • The student will read and understand the cultural and dialogue sections in the textbook
  • The student will read a specific Spanish novella and respond to comprehension questions
  • The student will read standardized messages once vocabulary has been learned, such as signs, schedules, newspaper headlines, advertisements, and menus
  • The student will use guessing strategies and cognates to interpret unfamiliar vocabulary

Writing

  • The student will demonstrate increasing attention to specific word order, punctuation, accents and other accent marks, and spelling
  • The student will write simple sentences on familiar topics in short paragraph using correct grammar and tenses
  • The student will recognize the different grammatical parts of speech (noun, adjective, verb, etc.) and be able to form agreement between the various parts of speech (singular/plural, subject/verb, noun adjective, masculine/feminine, etc.)

Culture

  • The student will focus on Spanish geography (cities, rivers, mountains, landmarks, and so forth)
  • The student will familiarize themselves with the Spanish-speaking countries from all over the world
  • The student will celebrate Spanish holidays throughout the school year

Music
In Grade 6 Music class students will:

  • Practice whole body, active listening when listening to and learning music 
  • Listen to other musicians in the ensemble while playing and "locks in" accordingly 
  • Use effective practicing techniques, such as "chunking," slower tempo, repetition 
  • Maintain steady beat while singing, moving, playing instruments 
  • Reproduce simple melodies, including proper pitches and rhythmic patterns, by ear 
  • Perform melodies, basslines, color parts and rhythm parts as a part of the ensemble 
  • Perform simple poly-rhythms 
  • Sing more complex solfege songs 
  • Start to learn Musical Historical Context 
  • Attend a performance by the Washington Bach Consort of a Bach Cantata

Art

  • Develop an introductory understanding of the vast multiple mediums and concepts within art.
  • Formulate a non-hierarchical view of media.   
  • Develop an understanding of the arts as a global conversation.
  • Develop an introductory understanding of modern art history and contemporary art aesthetic trends.  
  • Synthesize information given in a multiple ways to produce works of art.
  • Use the elements of art; line, shape, form, color, value, texture, and space to express ideas, images, and emotions.
  • Develop ideas for works of art by conducting research and making preliminary sketches.
  • Demonstrate a proficiency for researching an artist or time period and producing a work of art conceptually and aesthetically similar.  
  • Demonstrate an understanding of symbolic meanings by incorporating symbols in a work of art.
  • Express ideas through artistic choices of media, techniques, and subject matter.
  • Use new technology to produce works of art and conduct research.
  • Use three-dimensional art media to create an installation that is site-specific and conceptual.
  • Develop a unique artistic voice through independent critical thinking and artistic choice.

Physical Education
In 6th Grade Physical Education class, the students work on developing the following skills:

  • Application of movement principles and concepts to movement skill performance; refine and adapt individual and group activity skills by applying concepts of relationship, effort, spatial awareness, speed and pathways How to identify physical activities that promote good health.
  • How to exhibit cooperative, respectful, safe behaviors in physical activity settings.
  • Activities include: hockey, soccer, cooperative games, ultimate Frisbee, volleyball, tennis, swimming, basketball, tumbling, badminton, lacrosse, and fitness tests.

Speech & Drama
Speech
Listening

  • The student will demonstrate active listening strategies in a variety of situations

Verbal Communication

  • The student will demonstrate appropriate vocal delivery strategies
  • The student will use language that stimulates an audience’s interest
  • The student will use varied word choice to clarify, illustrate and elaborate

Non-Verbal Communication

  • The student will use visual aids and/or props effectively while speaking to enhance verbal communication

Discussion/Debate

  • The student will stay focused on a topic and ask relevant questions during class discussions
  • The student will support a position with organized, appropriate details

Oral Presentations

  • The student will develop and deliver a formal presentation using appropriate organizational structure
  • The student will speak in a variety of situations to demonstrate a task or skill

Broadcast Journalism

  • The student will demonstrate ability to work as a team member to effectively deliver information through audio and video media
  • The student will collaborate with classmates to create the script for and deliver a video news report

Analysis/Critical Response

  • The student will analyze the effectiveness of demonstrations
  • The student will understand and use criteria from a rubric to evaluate and improve oral presentations
  • The student will provide constructive feedback to speakers concerning organization and content of their speech

Drama 
Performance

  • The student will demonstrate acting skills by presenting a scripted scene
  • The student will demonstrate acting skills by using movement and gestures
  • The student will demonstrate acting skills by using vocal projection, inflection and articulation
  • The student will demonstrate acting skills by portraying a character other than her/himself
  • The student will continue to build trust, cooperation, confidence, and develop listening skills through participation in group acting exercises and scenes
  • The student will demonstrate basic stage positions, movement and stage business in a presentation
  • Utilize directorial concepts of levels, planes and proximity in acting presentations

Technical Theatre

  • The student will select and use available technical elements in classroom presentations
  •  The student will identify the three major types of stages-proscenium, thrust and arena

Analysis/Criticism

  • The student will identify drama as a form of literature
  • The student will compare and contrast theatre to other literary genres
  • The student will identify various parts of a script
  • The student will recognize that theatre incorporates other art forms
  • The student will understand that theatre is an immediate art form that affects each individual in a personal way
  • The student will give oral criticism of performances and technical elements using appropriate theatre vocabulary
  • The student will demonstrate appropriate performance behavior as a participant and/or audience member

Grade 7

Language Arts
Oral Language

  • The student will engage in speaking and listening to generate ideas, clarify thinking, and communicate.    
  • The student will use collaborative oral language skills in small group activities to clarify reading, and expand understanding of a literary work.

Reading

  • The student will read and analyze a variety of literature.
  • The student will apply knowledge of appropriate reference materials.
  • The student will read and learn the meanings of unfamiliar words and phrases.

Writing

  • The student will write in a variety of forms, including narrative, expository, persuasive, practical, and creative 
  • The students will take notes from written oral and audio-visual material.
  • The student will edit writing for correct grammar, capitalization, punctuation, spelling, sentence structure, and paragraphing.
  • The student will credit the sources of both quoted and paraphrased ideas. 

Vocabulary

  • The student will give and seek information in conversations, in group discussions, and in oral presentations.
  • The student will write in a variety of forms, including narrative, expository, persuasive, and creative. 
  • The student will learn the meanings of unfamiliar words presented within cumulative word sets 

Grammar

  • The student will edit writing for correct grammar, capitalization, punctuation, spelling, sentence structure, and paragraphing.

Science

  • The student will plan and conduct investigations in which they
    • Identify a problem/question and propose a testable hypothesis based on direct observations and research of scientific literature    
    • Design a safe experiment with identifiable dependent and independent variables
    • Choose appropriate laboratory instruments to accurately measure quantitative data using metric units
    • Collect, record, analyze and report data using appropriate graphical representation and written explanation
    • Recognize and discuss sources of error inherent in experimental design
    • Construct, write and defend their conclusion while recognizing and analyzing alternative scientific explanations, and potential questions, raised by their findings
  • The student will investigate and understand that all living things are made up of cells and show patterns of cellular organization.  Key concepts include
    • Cell structure and function of organelles
    • Development of cell theory
    • Cell division (mitosis and meiosis)
    • Life functions and processes of cells, tissues, organs, and systems
  • The student will learn about the history of biological concepts. Key concepts in
    • Evidence supporting the cell theory
    • Scientific explanations of the development of organisms through time (biological evolution)
    • Evidence supporting the germ theory of infectious disease
    • Development of the structural model of DNA
    • History of collaborative efforts of scientists
  •  The student will investigate and understand relationships between cell structure and function. Key concepts include
    • Characteristics of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
    • Exploring the diversity and variation of eukaryotes
    • Similarities between the processes of a single cell and a whole organism
    • The cell membrane model (diffusion, osmosis, and active transport)
  • The student will investigate and understand basis for modern classification systems. Key concepts include
    • Structural similarities among organisms
    • Comparison of developmental stages in different organisms
    • Examination of biochemical similarities and differences among organisms
  • The student will investigate and understand life functions of living organisms with an emphasis on humans. Key concepts include
    • How their structures and functions vary between and within the kingdoms
    • Comparison of their metabolic activities
    • Analyses of their responses to the environment
    • Maintenance of homeostasis
    • Human health issues, human anatomy, body systems, and life functions
    • Classification, and life cycle, of viruses
    • Dissection of fetal pig to compare and contrast relevant internal structure and function
  • The student will investigate and understand the basic physical and chemical processes of photosynthesis and its importance to plant and animal life. Key concepts include
    • Energy transfer between sunlight and chlorophyll
    • Transformation of water and carbon dioxide into sugar and oxygen
    • Photosynthesis as the foundation of virtually all food webs
  • The student will investigate and understand that organisms reproduce and transmit genetic information to new generations.  Key concepts include
    • The role of DNA
    • The function of genes and chromosomes
    • Genotypes and phenotypes
    • Factors affecting the expression of traits
  • The student will investigate and understand common mechanisms of inheritance and protein synthesis. Key concepts include
    • Cell growth and division
    • Gamete formation
    • Cell specialization
    • Prediction of inheritance of traits based on the Mendelian laws of heredity
    • Genetic variation                
    • The structure, function, and replication of nucleic acids (DNA and RNA)
    • Events involved in the construction of proteins
    • Use, limitations, and misuse of genetic information
    • Genetic engineering, its applications, and ethical questions raised by its use
  • The student will investigate and understand how populations change through time. Key concepts include
    • How genetic variation, reproductive strategies, and environmental pressures impact the survival of populations
    • The relationships of mutation, adaptation, natural selection, and extinction
    • How natural selection leads to adaptations
    • Emergence of new species
    • Scientific explanations for biological evolution
  • The student will investigate and understand dynamic equilibria within populations, communities, and ecosystems.  Key concepts include
    • Interactions within and among populations including carrying capacities, limiting factors, and growth curves
    • Nutrient cycling with energy flow through ecosystems
    • Succession patterns in ecosystems
    • Biodiversity
    • The effects of natural events and human activities on ecosystems with emphasis on the Chesapeake Bay

Math
Student will:

  • Explore the concept of algebraic expression
    • Use letters to represent unknown numbers
    • Write simple algebraic expressions
    • Evaluate expressions by substitution
  • Explore solid figures
    • Associate two-dimensional drawings with three-dimensional shape
    • Visualize pyramids, prisms, and cylinders from two-dimensional drawings
    • Identify nets of cubes, cuboids, prisms and pyramids
    • Identify the solid represented by a net
    • Determine whether a figure can be the net of a given solid
    • Determine whether a solid can be formed from a given net
  • Recall and apply previous knowledge of ratios to the following aspects
    • Compare quantities using ratios
    • Express a ratio in its simplest form
    • Relate ratios to units
    • Relate ratios to a fraction of a quantity
    • Relate proportion to ratios and fractions
  • Recall and apply previous knowledge of percentage to the following aspects
    • Express part of a whole as a fraction or as a percentage
    • Relate percentage to fractions and to decimals
    • Express one quantity as a percentage of another
    • Find the whole or a percentage part when given the value of a percentage part
  • Explore the concept of speed as ratio of distance and time
    • Interpret speed as distance traveled per unit of time
    • Read and write units of speed
    • Find average speed
    • Manipulate the formula for speed to isolate each component
  • Expand understanding of fractions
    • Practice mixed operations which involves all four operations and fractions with and without parenthesis
    • Solve multi-step problems involving fractions
  • Explore the characteristics of a circle
    • Identify and measure the radius and diameter of a circle
    • Recognize the relationship between diameter and circumference; find the circumference of a circle
    • Recognize the relationship between radius and area; find the area of a circle
    • Determine the perimeter and area of parts of a circle and composite figures
  • Explore graphs as a visual representation of data
    • Read and interpret circle graphs, using whole numbers, fractions and percents
    • Use given data to create a pie chart
  • Explore the concept of volume
    • Find the volume of cubes and cuboids
    • Manipulate the volume formula to isolate each component
  • Expand on the concept of volume
    • Find an unknown dimension when given other remaining dimensions
    • Convert the volume of a liquid
  • Expand understanding of triangles and other four sided figures
    • Recall and apply previous knowledge of angles, triangles and quadrilateral
    • Find unknown angles in problems involving triangles and quadrilaterals
  • Solve more challenging word problems involving
    • Whole numbers, decimals and fractions
    • Ratios and percentages
    • Speed

 

Social Studies

  • The student will improve skills in historical research and geographical analysis
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of the status and impact of global trade on regional civilizations of the world after 1500 C.E.
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of scientific, political, economic, and religious changes during the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of the Latin American revolutions of the nineteenth century
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of political and philosophical developments in Europe during the nineteenth century
  • The student will develop skills for historical analysis by relating the past with its effects on the present and the future 
  • The student will demonstrate skills for historical and geographical analysis
  • The student will use maps, globes, photographs, pictures, art, or tables
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of Western Europe during the Middle Ages from about 500 to 1000 C.E. in terms of its impact on Western civilization
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of social, economic, and political changes and cultural achievements in the late medieval period
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of developments leading to the Renaissance in Europe in terms of its impact on Western civilization
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of the Reformation in terms of its impact on Western civilization 
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of the impact of the European Age of Exploration and Colonization into the Americas, Africa, and Asia
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of the status and impact of global trade on regional civilizations of the world after 1500 C.E.
  • The student will develop skills for historical analysis by relating the past with its effects on the present and the future 
  • The student will demonstrate skills for historical and geographical analysis
  • The student will use maps, globes, photographs, pictures, art, or tables
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of early development of humankind from the Paleolithic Era to the Bronze Age
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient river valley civilizations, including those of Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus River Valley, and China and the civilizations of the Hebrews, Phoenicians, and Nubians
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of the civilization of Persia by describing Persia, including Zoroastrianism and the development of an imperial bureaucracy
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient Rome from the 8th century BCE to 500 CE in terms of its impact on Western civilization
  • The student will develop skills for historical analysis by relating the past with its effects on the present and the future 
  • The student will demonstrate skills for historical and geographical analysis
  • The student will use maps, globes, photographs, pictures, art, or tables

 

Music
In 7th Grade Music class students will:

  • Practice whole body, active listening when listening to and learning music
  • Listen to other musicians in the ensemble while playing and "locks in" accordingly 
  • Use effective practicing techniques, such as "chunking," slower tempo, repetition
  • Maintain steady beat while singing, moving, playing instruments
  • Reproduce simple melodies, including proper pitches and rhythmic patterns, by ear
  • Perform melodies, basslines, color parts and rhythm parts as a part of the ensemble
  • Perform simple poly-rhythms
  • Begin a comprehensive Music History Curriculum starting with Gregorian Chant- Baroque Periods
  • Attend a performance of the Washington Bach Consort of a Bach Cantata an organ Prelude

 

French
Listening

  • The student will follow directions in French.
  • The student will identify main ideas and pertinent details when listening to materials such as live and recorded conversations, brief lectures, short news videos and so forth.
  • The student will comprehend and reply appropriately to directives presented in more complex informational materials.

Speaking

  • The student will sustain oral exchanges in French, using familiar and reincorporated phrases and sentences.The student will contribute in oral exchanges that reflect present, past, and future time frames, and will describe a sequence of events in the past tense, using the near past and imperfect tenses.
  • The student will discuss a story and express opinions.
  • The student will discuss his/her daily routine and how he/she feels; be able to talk with a doctor about where one hurts or symptoms of sickness.
  • The student will communicate successfully in basic survival situations using correct stress and intonation patterns.
  • The student will express feelings, opinions, and hypotheses using subjunctive and conditional structures.

Reading

  • The student will read and understand culturally authentic, level-appropriate resources that introduce current material in familiar settings.
  • The student will read for main idea and pick out supporting details.
  • The student will read and comprehend articles in magazines, and online French news sites.
  • The student will read authentic and level-appropriate materials to learn about the French language and francophone culture(s) and respond to comprehension questions.

Writing

  • Students will work toward mastering their French writing skills emphasizing the importance of  grammar mechanics, and French cultures. This will be demonstrated through a variety of assessments, including readings, essays, dictées, poetry and projects.
  • Students will write sentences on a familiar topic in a shared blog.
  • Students will write short messages, letters, and compositions using present, past, and future.

Culture

  • The student will learn about French sports and vacation traditions.
  • The student will make connections between topics studied in other subject areas and those studied in French class, such as French impact during the American revolution, official language of the Olympic games, French influences in geographical areas in the US.
  • The student will  compare and contrast the French holidays and traditions with the American holidays and traditions.
  • The student will create a modern time fable like Jean de La Fontaine use to write.
  • The student will continue to familiarize themselves with the Francophone countries from all over the world.
  • The student will continue reading French comic books such as Astérix et Obélix and Boule et Bill..

National French Exam

  • The student will participate in Level 2 of the National French Exam.

 

Spanish
Listening

  • The student will follow directions in Spanish. 
  • The student will identify main ideas and pertinent details when listening to materials such as live and recorded conversations, brief lectures, short news videos and so forth. 
  • The student will comprehend and reply appropriately to directives presented in more complex informational materials.

Speaking

  • The student will sustain oral exchanges in Spanish, using familiar and reincorporated phrases and sentences. The student will contribute in oral exchanges that reflect present, past, and future time frames, and will describe a sequence of events in the past tense, using the near past and imperfect tenses. 
  • The student will discuss a story and express opinions. 
  • The student will discuss his/her daily routine and how he/she feels; be able to talk with a doctor about where one hurts or symptoms of sickness. 
  • The student will communicate successfully in basic survival situations using correct stress and intonation patterns. 
  • The student will express feelings, opinions, and hypotheses using subjunctive and conditional structures.

Reading

  • The student will read and understand culturally authentic, level-appropriate resources that introduce current material in familiar settings.
  • The student will read for main idea and pick out supporting details.
  • The student will read and comprehend articles in magazines, and online Spanish news sites.
  • The student will read authentic and level-appropriate materials to learn about the Spanish language and respond to comprehension questions.

Writing

  • Students will work toward mastering their Spanish writing skills emphasizing the importance of grammar mechanics. This will be demonstrated through a variety of assessments, including readings, essays, dictation, poetry and projects.
  • Students will write sentences on a familiar topic in a shared blog.
  • Students will write short messages, letters, and compositions using present, past, and future.

Culture

  • The student will learn about French sports and vacation traditions.
  • The student will compare and contrast the Spanish holidays and traditions with the American holidays and traditions.
  • The student will continue to familiarize themselves with Spanish speaking countries from all over the world.

National Spanish Exam

  • The student will participate in Level 2 of the National Spanish Exam.

Latin

  • The student will read with proper classical pronunciation and intonation. 
  • The student will read cultural and narrative passages based on vocabulary familiar to the student. 
  • The student will read dialog with correct vocal expression. 
  • The student will use guessing strategies and cognates to interpret unfamiliar vocabulary. 
  • The student will read words, phrases, sentences, and short passages and associate them with visual representations. 
  • The student will demonstrate reading comprehension by answering questions. 
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of Latin vocabulary and syntax. 
  • The student will acquire cultural information from ancillary reading passages in Latin.
  • The student will recognize and reproduce the sounds of Latin vowels, consonants, and diphthongs.
  • The student will engage in brief conversational exchanges correctly demonstrating an understanding of the situation.
  • The student will respond to questions using the correct grammar and pronunciation.
  • The student will spell accurately, correctly using the macron as needed.
  • The student will recognize grammatical difference in agreement.
  • The student will write simple guided compositions, using mastered vocabulary, expressions, and grammar structures.
  • The student will write questions and answers in complete sentences using mastered knowledge of rules for agreement.
  • The student will connect information about the Latin language and Roman culture with concepts studied in other subject areas.
  • The student will relate content from other subject areas to topics discussed in Latin class.
  • The student will recognize the basic language patterns of Latin and their differences to the English language.
  • The student will recognize Latin roots, prefixes, and suffixes that appear in English words.
  • The student will compare and contrast the sound systems of Latin and English.
  • The student will study the perspectives, practice and products of Roman culture.
  • The student will identify practices in Roman life.
  • The student will understand and locate the major geographical features of the classical world.
  • The student will identify important historical and legendary figures and events.
  • The student will create and correctly caption illustrations based on cultural material.
  • The student will examine the human effects of the eruption of Mount Vesuvius.

 

Art

  • Develop an introductory understanding of the vast multiple mediums and concepts within art.
  • Formulate a non-hierarchical view of media.   
  • Develop an understanding of the arts as a global conversation.
  • Develop an introductory understanding of modern art history and contemporary art aesthetic trends.  
  • Synthesize information given in a multiple ways to produce works of art.
  • Use the elements of art; line, shape, form, color, value, texture, and space to express ideas, images, and emotions.
  • Develop ideas for works of art by conducting research and making preliminary sketches.
  • Demonstrate a proficiency for researching an artist or time period and producing a work of art conceptually and aesthetically similar.  
  • Demonstrate an understanding of symbolic meanings by incorporating symbols in a work of art.
  • Express ideas through artistic choices of media, techniques, and subject matter.
  • Use new technology to produce works of art and conduct research.
  • Use 3D media to create a site specific installation that is based on a conceptual idea.  
  • Develop a unique artistic voice through independent critical thinking and authentic artistic choice.

 

Speech and Drama
Speech Objectives
Listening

  • The student will demonstrate active listening by analyzing information, ideas and opinions to determine relevancy

Verbal Communication

  • The student will develop speaking techniques for effective presentations
  • The student will use figurative language purposefully in speaking situations
  • The student will develop and use advanced vocabulary related to a topic

Non-Verbal Communication

  • The student will identify the relationship between a speaker’s verbal and nonverbal messages

Discussion/Debate

  • The student will give and seek information in conversations and in group discussions
  • The student will support a position, acknowledging opposing viewpoints during whole class debate

Oral Presentations

  • The student will develop and deliver a formal presentation using appropriate organizational structure
  • The student will speak in a variety of situations to persuade and/or inspire

Broadcast Journalism

  • The student will create script for and deliver a variety of audio news reports
  • The student will demonstrate ability to add unscripted content to news reports with fluency
  • The student will research, write, and deliver a special news report on a selected topic

Analysis/Critical Response

  • The student will recognize and analyze persuasive techniques
  • The student will understand and use criteria from a rubric to evaluate and improve oral presentations
  • The student will provide constructive feedback to speakers concerning the coherence and logic of a speech’s content and delivery

Drama Objectives
Performance

  • The student will demonstrate acting skills by presenting a scripted scene with memorization
  • The student will demonstrate acting skills through control of movement, gestures, and placement on the stage
  • The student will demonstrate acting skills through appropriate use of vocal projection, inflection, and articulation during performance activities
  •  The student will communicate ideas through individual performances, group productions, or group projects to demonstrate teamwork, cooperation, and dependability
  • The student will work in a small group to rehearse and present a short scene

Technical Theatre

  • The student will recognize how the technical elements (lighting, sound, scenery, props, costumes) can effectively reinforce the elements of drama (plot, character, setting, dialogue, conflict)
  • The student will work collaboratively to select, create and use one technical element in a presentation to show environments and suggest characters.

Analysis/Criticism

  • The student will identify elements of plot, character, setting, dialogue, conflict
  • The student will understand the relative usefulness of various components when reading a script
  • The student will identify the beats, small divisions, in a scene
  • The student will identify how other art forms are applied in theatre
  • The student will write a critique of a live theatrical performance
  • The student will demonstrate appropriate performance behavior as a participant and/or audience member

 

Athletics
In 7th Grade PE class, students are developing the following skills:

  • Apply movement principles and concepts to correct specific sport and recreational skill performance in self and others. 
  • How to exhibit cooperative, respectful, safe behaviors in team sport settings. 
  • Team Sports include: soccer, cross country, volleyball, basketball, lacrosse, softball, and track and field.

Grade 8

Language Arts
Oral Language

  • The student will participate in and report on small-group learning activities. 

Reading Analysis

  • The student will read and analyze a variety of literature. 

Writing

  • The student will develop a variety of writing, with an emphasis on exposition. 
  • The students will take notes from written, oral and audio-visual material. 
  • The student will edit writing for correct grammar, capitalization, punctuation, spelling, sentence structure, and paragraphing. 
  • The student will critique peer writing. 

Vocabulary

  • The student will learn the meanings of unfamiliar words presented within cumulative word sets. 

Grammar

  • The student will edit writing for correct grammar, capitalization, punctuation, spelling, sentence structure, and paragraphing.

Math - Geometry
Student will:

  • Explore the fundamental geometric terms
    • Identify, name and draw point, line, line segment, ray, plane, angles, and pairs of angles  
    • Apply definitions for geometric terms and angle relationships to solve problems
    • Apply formulas for perimeter, area and circumference of geometric shapes and composite figures
  • Develop the formulas for midpoint and distance in the coordinate plane
    • Apply midpoint and distance formulas to find the midpoint of a  line segment and distance between two points
    • Identify and apply transformations in the coordinate plane
  • Explore the concept of inductive and deductive
    • Use inductive reasoning to identify patterns and make conjectures
    • Find counterexamples to disprove conjectures
    • Use deductive reasoning to solve logic puzzles
  • Use theorems as justification when solving algebraic equations
  • Identify parallel, perpendicular and skew lines
  • Explore the relationship of angles formed by parallel lines and a transversal
    • Identify, draw and name angles and their relationships
    • Find the angle measures
  • Use theorems to prove two lines parallel and perpendicular
  • Explore concept of slope
    • Use the slope formula to find the slope of lines in a coordinate plane
    • Compare slopes to identify parallel and perpendicular lines
  • Explore lines in the coordinate plane
    • Graph lines and write their equations in slope-intercept and point-slope form
    • Classify lines as parallel, perpendicular or coinciding
  • Classify triangles according to side length and angle measure
    • Use the classification to find angle measure and side length
  • Discover relationship of the interior and exterior angles of a triangle
    • Find the measures of interior and exterior angles of triangles
  • Use properties of congruent triangles to prove triangles congruent
    • List the corresponding parts of congruent triangles
    • Write congruency statements
    • Apply Side-Side-Side (SSS), Side-Angle-Side (SAS), ASA, AAS and Hypotenuse-Leg to prove triangles congruent and to solve problems
  • Apply properties of isosceles and equilateral triangles to solve problems
  • Explore the concept of perpendicular bisectors and angle bisectors
    • Identify and draw bisector
    • Apply bisector theorems to find angle measures or segment lengths
    • Connect and apply perpendicular bisector theorem to lines in the coordinate plane
    • Write an equation in point slope form of the perpendicular bisector of a line in the coordinate plane
  • Explore special points, segments and lines in a triangle
    • Connect perpendicular bisectors and angle bisectors to triangles
      • Identify and locate circumcenter and incenter
      • Construct circumcenter and incenter
    • Apply properties of medians, altitudes and midsegments of a triangle
    • Identify and locate centroids, orthocenters and midsegment triangles
  • Explore the inequalities in one triangle and in two triangles and resulting theorems
  • Explore Pythagorean inequalities and other special right triangles
    • Use Pythagorean theorem to find side length of right triangles
    • Apply properties of special right triangles to solve problems
  • Explore the properties of polygons
    • Classify polygons based on sides and angles
    • Find and use the measures of interior and exterior angles of polygons
  • Discover the properties of special quadrilaterals
    • Apply and use properties of parallelograms to solve problems
    • Use conditions of parallelograms to prove given quadrilateral is a parallelogram
      • Explore properties of special parallelograms
      • Apply and use properties of rectangles, rhombuses and squares to solve problems
      • Use conditions of rectangles, rhombuses and squares to prove given quadrilateral is a rectangle, rhombus or square
    • Explore properties of kites and trapezoids
      • Use conditions of kites and trapezoids to solve problems
  • Explore similarity between given polygons
    • Recall ratio and proportion
      • Write and simplify ratios
      • Solve proportions
      • Use proportional relationships to make indirect measurements, including scale drawings
    • Recognize the difference between similar and congruent
    • Identify similar polygons
    • Use properties of similar polygons to solve problems
    • Use corresponding angles and sides to verify polygons are similar
  • Discover and prove similarity between two triangles
    • Use AA, SSS and SAS to solve problems
    • Use properties of similar triangles to solve problems
  • Expand similarity concept to right triangles
    • Use ratios and proportions to find missing side lengths in right triangles (including geometric mean)
    • Use trigonometric ratios to solve problems
      • Find the sine, cosine and tangent of an acute angle
      • Use trigonometric ratios to find side lengths and angle measures in right triangle
    • Use angle of depression and angle of elevation to solve problems
  • Explore area and perimeter of various figures
    • Develop the geometric formulas for circles, triangles, quadrilaterals, and polygons
    • Apply the formulas to solve problems (including composite and irregular shapes)
    • Use Pythagorean theorem to find dimensions of figures
  • Explore area and perimeter of various figures in the coordinate plane (including irregular shapes)
  • Explore properties of three dimensional figures
    • Identify, name and draw representations of three-dimensional figures
    • Find the surface areas and volumes of three-dimensional figures
  • Explore properties of circles, lines and arcs of circles, angles and segments in circles
    • Apply the properties of tangents, secants, chords and arcs to solve problems
    • Find the area of sectors and arc length
    • Use properties of inscribed angles to solve problems
    • Use segments relationships and angle relationships within a circle to solve problems
    • Expand concept of circles to the coordinate plane
    • Write equations and graph circles in the coordinate plane

Math - Complexities of Algebra with an Introduction of Geometry
Student will:

  • Recall and apply knowledge of linear equations
    • Graphing a line
    • Writing an equation of line
    • Finding intercepts, slope and determining relationships between lines
  • Connect and apply their knowledge of linear equations to:
    • Use Pythagorean theorem to find length of a line
    • Use midpoint formula and distance formula to solve problems
  • Solve systems of linear equations by elimination, substitution and graphing
    • Inspect systems to determine efficient solution strategy
  • Use properties of exponents to simplify expressions
  • Express the square roots and cube roots of whole numbers and monomials in simplest radical form
  • Solve quadratic equations algebraically and graphically
    • Determine vertex and discriminant and apply information accordingly
  • Perform all four operations on polynomials
  • Factor expressions completely
  • Explore concept of rational expressions
    • Simplify rational expressions
    • Perform all four operations on rational expressions
  • Explore radical equations
    • Perform all four operations on radical expressions
    • Solve radical equations
  • Explore the fundamental geometric terms
    • Identify, name and draw point, line, line segment, ray, plane, angles, and pairs of angles
    • Apply definitions for geometric terms and angle relationships to solve problems
  • Apply formulas for perimeter, area and circumference of geometric shapes and composite figures
  • Develop the formulas for midpoint and distance in the coordinate plane
    • Apply midpoint and distance formulas to find the midpoint of a  line segment and distance between two points
  • Identify and apply transformations in the coordinate plane
  • Explore the concept of inductive and deductive
    • Use inductive reasoning to identify patterns and make conjectures
    • Find counterexamples to disprove conjectures
    • Use deductive reasoning to solve logic puzzles
  • Use theorems as justification when solving algebraic equations
  • Identify parallel, perpendicular and skew lines
  • Explore the relationship of angles formed by parallel lines and a transversal
    • Identify, draw and name angles and their relationships
    • Find the angle measures
    • Prove two lines parallel and perpendicular using theorems
  • Expand their knowledge of lines in the coordinate plane
    • Use the slope formula to compare slopes to identify parallel and perpendicular lines
    • Graph lines and write their equations in slope-intercept and point-slope form
    • Classify lines as parallel, perpendicular or coinciding by inspecting equations
  • Explore characteristics of various types of triangles
    • Classify triangles according to side length and angle measure
    • Use the classification to find angle measure and side length
    • Discover relationship of the interior and exterior angles of a triangle
    • Find the measures of interior and exterior angles of triangles

 

Science

  • The student will plan and conduct investigations in which they
    • Identify a problem/question and propose a testable hypothesis based on direct observations and research of scientific literature
    • Design an experiment that has identifiable dependent and independent variables, constants, controls, and uses repeated trials
    • Safely use chemicals and glassware                
    • Choose appropriate laboratory instruments to accurately measure quantitative data using metric units
    • Collect, record, analyze and report data using appropriate graphical representation and written explanation
    • Recognize and discuss sources of error inherent in experimental design
    • Construct, write and defend their conclusion while recognizing and analyzing alternative scientific explanations, and potential questions, raised by their findings
  • The student will investigate and understand the basic nature of matter.  Key concepts include
    • The particle theory of matter
    • Historical and modern models of atomic structure and the scientists that contributed to our understanding of the atom
    • Distinction between elements, compounds, mixtures, acids, bases, and salts
    • Characteristics of solids, liquids, and gases
    • Characteristics of matter based on physical (shape, density, solubility, odor, melting point, boiling point, color) and chemical properties (acidity, basicity, combustibility, reactivity)
    • Law of Conservation of Matter and Energy
    • Types and components of chemical and physical changes
    • Nuclear reactions (products of fusion and fission and the effect of these products on humans and the environment)
  • The student will investigate and understand the organization and use of the periodic table of elements to obtain information.  Key concepts include
    • Symbols, atomic number, atomic mass, charge of subatomic particles
    • Classification of elements as metals, metalloids, and nonmetals
    • Isotopes, half -life, and radioactive decay
    • Chemical families (groups), series and periods
    • Trends including atomic radii, electro-negativity, shielding effect, and ionization energy
    • Electronic configurations, valence electrons, and oxidation numbers
  • The student will investigate and understand how conservation of energy and matter is expressed in chemical formulas and balanced equations. Key concepts include
    • Nomenclature
    • Writing chemical formulas and balancing chemical equations
    • Bonding types (ionic and covalent)
    • Reaction types (synthesis, decomposition, single and double replacement, oxidation-reduction, neutralization, exothermic, and endothermic)
    • Effect of catalysts on reaction rates
  • The student will investigate and understand states and forms of energy and how energy is transferred and transformed. Key concepts include
    • Potential and kinetic energy
    • Mechanical, chemical, and electrical energy
    • Heat, light, and sound
    • Transformation of energy among forms including mechanical, thermal, electrical, gravitational, chemical, and nuclear
    • Efficiency of systems
  • The student will investigate and understand the interrelationships among  mass, distance, force, and time through mathematical and experimental processes and technological applications of work, force and motion.  Key concepts include
    • Types of motion (linear, uniform circular, projectile, and planetary)
    • Newton’s laws of motion
    • Gravitation
    • Work, power, and energy
  • The student will investigate and understand temperature scales, heat, and heat transfer. Key concepts include
    • Celsius and Kelvin temperature scales and absolute zero
    • Phase change, freezing point, melting point, boiling point, vaporization, and condensation
    • Conduction, convection, and radiation
    • Applications of heat transfer (heat engines, thermostats, refrigeration, and heat pumps)
  • The student will investigate and understand that different frequencies and wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum are phenomena ranging from radio waves through visible light to gamma radiation. Key concepts include
    • The properties and behaviors of radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma rays
    • Wavelength, frequency, speed, resonance, and amplitude of sound
    • The nature of mechanical waves
    • Echolocation and technological applications of sound
    • The wave behavior of light and the application of the laws of reflection, refraction, diffraction, and interference
    • Wave characteristics (period, wavelength, frequency, amplitude, and phase)
    • Fundamental wave processes (reflection, refraction, diffraction,  interference, polarization, Doppler Effect)
    • Light and sound in terms of wave models
  • The student will investigate and understand basic principles of electricity and magnetism. Key concepts include
    • Static electricity, current electricity, and circuits
    • Ohm’s law
    • Magnetic fields and electromagnets

Social Studies

  • The student will demonstrate skills for historical and geographical analysis and responsible citizenship
  • The student will demonstrate mastery of the social studies skills responsible citizenship requires
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of the major events from the last decade of the eighteenth century through the first half of the nineteenth century
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of the Civil War and Reconstruction Era and their importance as major turning points in American history 
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of the issues involved in the creation and ratification of the Constitution of the United States and how the principles of limited government, consent of the governed, and the social contract are embodied in it
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of the federal system described in the Constitution of the United States
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of the organization and powers of the national government 
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of the operation of the federal judiciary
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of civil liberties and civil rights

 

French
Listening

  • The student will follow directions in French.
  • The student will identify main ideas and pertinent details when listening to materials such as live and recorded conversations, brief lectures, short news videos and so forth.
  • The student will comprehend and reply appropriately to directives presented in more complex informational materials.

Speaking

  • The student will sustain oral exchanges in French, using familiar and reincorporated phrases and sentences.
  • The student will contribute in oral exchanges that reflect present, past, and future time frames, and will describe a sequence of events in the past tense, using the near past and imperfect tenses.
  • The student will discuss a story and express opinions.
  • The student will discuss his/her daily routine and how he/she feels; be able to talk with a doctor about where one hurts or symptoms of sickness.
  • The student will communicate successfully in basic survival situations using correct stress and intonation patterns.
  • The student will express feelings, opinions, and hypotheses using subjunctive and conditional structures.

Reading

  • The student will read and understand culturally authentic, level-appropriate resources that introduce current material in familiar settings.
  • The student will read for main idea and pick out supporting details.
  • The student will read and comprehend articles in magazines, and online French news sites.
  • The student will read authentic and level-appropriate materials to learn about the French language and francophone culture(s) and respond to comprehension questions. 

Writing

  • Students will work toward mastering their French writing skills emphasizing the importance of  grammar mechanics, and French cultures. This will be demonstrated through a variety of assessments, including readings, essays, dictées, poetry and projects.
  • Students will write sentences on a familiar topic in a shared blog.
  • Students will write short messages, letters, and compositions using present, past, and future. 

Culture

  • The student will learn about French sports and vacation traditions.
  • The student will make connections between topics studied in other subject areas and those studied in French class, such as French impact during the American revolution, official language of the Olympic games, French influences in geographical areas in the US.
  • The student will  compare and contrast the French holidays and traditions with the American holidays and traditions.
  • The student will create a modern time fable like Jean de La Fontaine use to write.
  • The student will continue to familiarize themselves with the Francophone countries from all over the world.
  • The student will continue reading French comic books such as Astérix et Obélix and Boule et Bill.

National French Exam

  • The student will participate in Level 2 of the National French Exam.

 

Spanish
Listening

  • The student will follow directions in Spanish.
  • The student will identify main ideas and pertinent details when listening to materials such as live and recorded conversations, brief lectures, short news videos and so forth.
  • The student will comprehend and reply appropriately to directives presented in more complex informational materials.

Speaking

  • The student will sustain oral exchanges in Spanish, using familiar and reincorporated phrases and sentences. 
  • The student will contribute in oral exchanges that reflect present, past, and future time frames, and will describe a sequence of events in the past tense, using the near past and imperfect tenses. 
  • The student will discuss a story and express opinions. 
  • The student will discuss his/her daily routine and how he/she feels; be able to talk with a doctor about where one hurts or symptoms of sickness. 
  • The student will communicate successfully in basic survival situations using correct stress and intonation patterns. 
  • The student will express feelings, opinions, and hypotheses using subjunctive and conditional structures.

Reading

  • The student will read and understand culturally authentic, level-appropriate resources that introduce current material in familiar settings. 
  • The student will read for main idea and pick out supporting details. 
  • The student will read and comprehend articles in magazines, and online French news sites. 
  • The student will read authentic and level-appropriate materials to learn about the French language and francophone culture(s) and respond to comprehension questions.

Writing

  • Students will work toward mastering their Spanish writing skills emphasizing the importance of grammar mechanics. This will be demonstrated through a variety of assessments, including readings, essays, dictations, poetry and projects. 
  • Students will write sentences on a familiar topic in a shared blog. 
  • Students will write short messages, letters, and compositions using present, past, and future.Culture. 
  • The student will learn about French sports and vacation traditions. 
  • The student will compare and contrast the French holidays and traditions with the American holidays and traditions. 
  • The student will continue to familiarize themselves with the Spanish speaking countries from all over the world.

National Spanish Exam

  • The student will participate in Level 2 of the National Spanish Exam.

 

Latin

  • The student will read with proper classical pronunciation and intonation.
  • The student will read cultural and narrative passages based on vocabulary familiar to the student.
  • The student will read dialog with correct vocal expression.
  • The student will use guessing strategies and cognates to interpret unfamiliar vocabulary.
  • The student will read words, phrases, sentences, and short passages and associate them with visual representations. 
  • The student will demonstrate reading comprehension by answering questions. 
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of Latin vocabulary and syntax. 
  • The student will acquire cultural information from ancillary reading passages in Latin. 
  • The student will recognize and reproduce the sounds of Latin vowels, consonants, and diphthongs. 
  • The student will engage in brief conversational exchanges correctly demonstrating an understanding of the situation. 
  • The student will respond to questions using the correct grammar and pronunciation. 
  • The student will spell accurately, correctly using the macron as needed. 
  • The student will recognize grammatical difference in agreement. 
  • The student will write simple guided compositions, using mastered vocabulary, expressions, and grammar structures. 
  • The student will write questions and answers in complete sentences using mastered knowledge of rules for agreement 
  • The student will connect information about the Latin language and Roman culture with concepts studied in other subject areas. 
  • The student will relate content from other subject areas to topics discussed in Latin class. 
  • The student will recognize the basic language patterns of Latin and their differences to the English language. 
  • The student will recognize Latin roots, prefixes, and suffixes that appear in English words. 
  • The student will compare and contrast the sound systems of Latin and English. 
  • The student will study the perspectives, practice and products of Roman culture. 
  • The student will identify practices in Roman life. 
  • The student will understand and locate the major geographical features of the classical world. 
  • The student will identify important historical and legendary figures and events. 
  • The student will create and correctly caption illustrations based on cultural material. 
  • The student will study the perspectives, practice, and products of Roman culture during the Roman Empire and Roman colonization in 
  •    Britain and make comparisons. 
  • The student will identify practices in Roman life in the ancient Egyptian city of Alexandria. 
  • The student will participate in Level I of the National Latin Exam.

Music
In Grade 8 Music class the students will:

  • Practice whole body, active listening when listening to and learning music
  • Listen to other musicians in the ensemble while playing and "locks in" accordingly
  • Use effective practicing techniques, such as "chunking," slower tempo, repetition
  • Maintain steady beat while singing, moving, playing instruments
  • Reproduce simple melodies, including proper pitches and rhythmic patterns, by ear
  • Perform melodies, basslines, color parts and rhythm parts as a part of the ensemble
  • Perform simple poly-rhythms
  • Compose simple, original melodies on a variety of instruments
  • Compose original music comprised of multiple parts including melody, bassline, rhythm
  • Complete a Comprehensive Music History Curriculum- Baroque to Modern Day Music
  • Attend a performance by the Washington Bach Consort- Bach cantata and organ prelude

 

Art 

  • Develop an introductory understanding of the vast multiple mediums and concepts within art.
  • Formulate a non-hierarchical view of media.   
  • Develop an understanding of the arts as a global conversation.
  • Develop an introductory understanding of modern art history and contemporary art aesthetic trends.  
  • Synthesize information given in a multiple ways to produce works of art.
  • Use the elements of art; line, shape, form, color, value, texture, and space to express ideas, images, and emotions.
  • Develop ideas for works of art by conducting research and making preliminary sketches.
  • Demonstrate a proficiency for researching an artist or time period and producing a work of art conceptually and aesthetically similar.  
  • Demonstrate an understanding of symbolic meanings by incorporating symbols in a work of art.
  • Express ideas through artistic choices of media, techniques, and subject matter.
  • Use new technology to produce works of art and conduct research.
  • Use found 3D media to create a sculpture that shift identity and is based on a concept.  
  • Develop a unique artistic voice through independent critical thinking and authentic artistic choice.

 

Speech and Drama
Listening

  •  The student will ask probing questions to elicit information, including evidence to support the speaker’s claims and conclusions

Verbal Communication

  • The student will use speaking techniques for effective presentations and in impromptu speech
  • The student will incorporate varied sentence structure and correct grammar
  • The student will paraphrase, illustrate, clarify, and/or expand on a topic or idea

Non-Verbal Communication

  • The student will use visual aids, media, and/or technology to support verbal communication

Discussion/Debate

  • The student will present ideas spontaneously and appropriately in response to a topic or other speakers
  • The student will demonstrate effective debate skills and strategies in formal debate on a chosen topic

Oral Presentations

  •  The student will develop and deliver a formal presentation using appropriate organizational structure
  •  The student will speak in a variety of situations for special purposes

Broadcast Journalism

  • The student will create script for and film an unbiased video news report
  •  The student will use interviewing techniques to gain information
  • The student will conduct a live interview as part of a special news report
  •  The student will collaborate with classmates to create an effective Public Service Announcement video on a chosen topic

Analysis/Critical Response

  • The student will describe and analyze persuasive techniques and credibility in mass media messages
  • The student will understand and use criteria from a rubric to evaluate and improve oral presentations
  • The student will provide constructive feedback to speakers concerning stylistic devices and credibility

Performance

  • The student will demonstrate acting skills by presenting a memorized monologue
  • The student will demonstrate acting skills through movement and gestures using motivation for a specific character in a scene or a play
  • The student will demonstrate acting skills by using control of vocal projection, inflection and articulation to define a character
  • The student will use character analysis to enhance performance of a selected character 
  • The student will demonstrate respect for others and work collaboratively for a unified production 
  • The student will work collaboratively to select, cast, rehearse, and present a portion of a scripted play 

Technical Theatre

  • The student will analyze a script and make design choices about the following technical elements: lighting, scenery, costumes, props, and sound to show environments and/or suggest character

Analysis/Criticism

  • The student will demonstrate an understanding of the elements of plot, character, setting, dialogue, conflict, mood, and theme through script analysis and performance
  • The student will define aesthetics and discuss how it is reflected in theatre arts and everyday life
  • The student will use personal experience to respond to a character in a script
  • The student will read scripts and respond in oral, written, or visual form
  • The student will demonstrate appropriate performance behavior as a participant and/or audience member

 

Athletics
8th Grade students focus on developing the following skills:

  • Apply movement principles and concepts to correct specific sport and recreational skill performance in self and others. 
  • How to exhibit cooperative, respectful, safe behaviors in team sport settings. 
  • Team Sports include: soccer, cross country, volleyball, basketball, lacrosse, softball, and track and field.

More Information on Each Division: